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{{about||the district in U.P.|Lakhimpur Kheri District|all other uses|Lakhimpur (disambiguation)}}
{{About|the district|its eponymous headquarters|North Lakhimpur}}
{{India Districts
|Name = Lakhimpur
|Local = লখিমপুৰ জিলা
|State = Assam
|Division =
|HQ = North Lakhimpur
|Map = Assam Lakhimpur locator map.svg
|Area = 2,277
|Rain =
|Population = 1,040,644
|Urban =
|Year = 2011
|Density = 457
|Literacy = 78.39 %
|SexRatio = 965 female per 1000 male
|Tehsils = 1. [[North Lakhimpur]], 2. Dhakuakhana, 3. Kadam, 4. Nauboicha, 5. [[Bihpuria]], 6. [[Narayanpur, Assam|Narayanpur]] 7. Subansiri (Ghilamara)
|LokSabha = 1. Lakhimpur
|Assembly = 1. [[Bihpuria]], 2. Naobaicha, 3. [[North Lakhimpur]], 4. Dhakuakhana
|Highways = [[National Highway 52 (India)|NH-52]]
|Website = http://www.lakhimpur.nic.in
}}
 
'''Lakhimpur''' (Pron: ˌlækɪmˈpʊə) ({{lang-as|লখিমপুৰ জিলা}}) is an administrative [[districts of Assam|district]] in the state of [[Assam]] in [[India]]. The district headquarters are located at [[North Lakhimpur]]. The district is bounded on the north by Siang and Papumpare District of [[Arunachal Pradesh]] and on the east by Dhemaji District and Subansiri River. [[Majuli]] Sub Division of Jorhat District stands on the southern side and Gahpur sub division of Sonitpur District is on the West.
 
== History ==
Lakhimpur figures largely in the annals of Assam as the region where successive invaders from the east first reached the [[Brahmaputra]]. The [[Baro-Bhuyan|Baro Bhuyans]], originally from the western provinces of India, were driven out by the [[Sutiya Kingdom|Sutiya]] (a Shan race), and these in their turn gave place to their more powerful brethren, the [[Ahom kingdom|Ahoms]] in the 13th century. The [[Bamar|Burmese]], who had ruined the native kingdoms, at the end of the 18th century, were in 1826 expelled by the [[United Kingdom|British]] under the [[Treaty of Yandaboo]]. They placed the southern part of the state, together with [[Sivasagar]] under the rule of Raja Purandhar Singh; but it was not till 1838 that the whole was taken under direct British administration.
 
Lakhimpur district used to have several other districts of [[Arunachal Pradesh]] within its fold and was known as the '''Lakhimpur Frontier Tract'''. After independence, the district contained the present day [[Dibrugarh district]], [[Tinsukia district]] and [[Dhemaji district]]. Its headquarters was at [[Dibrugarh]].
 
In 1976, [[Dibrugarh district]] was separated from Lakhimpur.<ref name='Statoids'>{{cite web | url = http://www.statoids.com/yin.html | title = Districts of India | accessdate = 2011-10-11 | last = Law | first = Gwillim | date = 2011-09-25 | work = Statoids}}</ref> This was repeated on 14 October 1989, with the formation of [[Dhemaji district]].<ref name='Statoids'/>
 
==Geography==
Lakhimpur district occupies an area of {{convert|2277|km2|sqmi}},<ref name='Reference Annual'>{{cite book | last1 = Srivastava, Dayawanti et al. (ed.) | title = India 2010: A Reference Annual | chapter = States and Union Territories: Assam: Government | edition = 54th | publisher = Additional Director General, Publications Division, [[Ministry of Information and Broadcasting (India)]], [[Government of India]] | year = 2010 | location = New Delhi, India | page = 1116 | accessdate = 2011-10-11 | isbn = 978-81-230-1617-7}}</ref> comparatively equivalent to [[Indonesia]]'s [[Yapen Island]].<ref name='Islands'>{{cite web | url = http://islands.unep.ch/Tiarea.htm | title = Island Directory Tables: Islands by Land Area | accessdate = 2011-10-11 | date = 1998-02-18 | publisher = [[United Nations Environment Program]] | quote = Yapen 2,278km2}}</ref>
 
A beautiful place on Mother Nature's lap, located in the north-east corner of the Indian State of [[Assam]], the district of Lakhimpur lies on north bank of the mighty river [[Brahmaputra]]. It is bounded on the north by Lower Subansiri and Papumpare Districts of the state of [[Arunachal Pradesh]] and on the east by [[Dhemaji District]]. [[Majuli]], the largest river-island belonging to [[Jorhat District]] is on the south and [[Gohpur]] sub division of [[Sonitpur District]] is on the West. The [[Brahmaputra]] is navigable for steamers in all seasons as far as [[Dibrugarh]], in the rainy season as far as [[Sadiya]]; its navigable tributaries within the district are the Subansiri, Ranganadi and Dikrong. The exact location of the district is 26.48’ and 27.53’ northern latitude and 93.42’ and 94.20' east longitude (approx.).
 
The name 'Lakhimpur' is believed to have come from word “Lakshmi”, the Hindu goddess of Wealth and Prosperity. The word “pur” has two meanings—first one is “full”, so 'Lakhimpur' means 'full of paddy'. The second meaning is "City", so 'Lakhimpur' means 'The City of Wealth and Prosperity'. Besides, the district has alluvial soil which is very fertile. Also fish, vegetables, milk etc. were abundant.
 
The district has two sub divisions -- [[Dhakuakhana]] and North Lakhimpur (sadar). Dhakuakhana Sub Division consists of two Police stations viz. Dhakuakhana and [[Ghilamara]]. North Lakhimpur Sub-division consists of 5 Police stations viz. North Lakhimpur, [[Boginadi]], Narayanpur, [[Laluk]] and [[Bihpuria]].
The district is inhabited by [[Assamese people|Assamese]] belonging to [[Ahom people|Ahom]], [[Kalita (caste)|Kalita]], [[Koch Rajbongshi people|Koch]] castes. There is also a significant population of [[Mishing People|Mising]], [[Deuri people|Deuri]], [[Sonowal Kachari]] and [[Khamti people|Khamti]].
A large population of [[Bengali Muslim]] inhabit [[Naoboisa]] area who mostly had settled between 1900 and 1920. There are also many migrant communities like [[Bengali Hindu]], [[Bihari people|Bihari]] and [[Nepali Indian|Nepali]].
 
Forests are mainly tropical rain forest. Important reserved forests includes [[Ranga Reserve]], [[Kakoi Reserve]], [[Dulung Reserve]] and [[Pabho Reserve]]. Some varieties are Hollokh ([[Terminalia myriocarpa]]), Ajhar ([[Lagerstroemia speciosa]]), Simolu ([[Bombax ceiba]] or [[Salmalia malabarica]]), Sum ([[Machilus]]), Gomari ([[Gmelina arborea]]), Sisu ([[Dalbergia sissoo]]), Silikha ([[Terminalia chebula]]), Neem ([[Azadirachta indica]]), Nahar ([[Mesua ferrea]]) etc. Wild elephants, buffaloes, tigers, deer etc. are there in the forests. Varieties of bird species are observed in swampy areas.
 
The great [[Subansiri River]] has legends of once famous gold washing. But as of now there is no any major exploration of minerals in the district, except some minor exploration for petroleum by ONGC (Oil and Natural Gas Corporation) near Dhakuakhana.
 
==Economy==
Economy of Lakhimpur is mainly based on agriculture. Major crops are rice, Tea, mustard, sugarcane etc. Small number of SSc and MSc industries are located in the district. The ongoing lower subansiri hydel project (2000 MW) is a ray of hope for the industrial sector in this district. But though it is a good sign for the economic field, it is recommended by scientists not to build it because there is a grave danger of the destruction of the whole of north-east Assam, due to its ill-effects.
 
==Divisions==
There are four [[Assam Legislative Assembly]] constituencies in this district: Bihpuria, Naobaicha, Lakhimpur, and Dhakuakhana.<ref name="ceo1">{{cite web|title=List of Assembly Constituencies showing their Revenue & Election District wise break - up|url=http://ceoassam.nic.in/Gen_Informations/2.1%20-%20DEOs%20wise%20ACs%20breakup.pdf|publisher=Chief Electoral Officer, Assam website|accessdate=26 September 2011}}</ref> Dhakuakhana is designated for [[scheduled tribe]]s.<ref name="ceo1"/> Bihpuria is in the [[Tezpur (Lok Sabha constituency)|Tezpur Lok Sabha constituency]], whilst the other three are in the [[Lakhimpur (Lok Sabha constituency)|Lakhimpur Lok Sabha constituency]].<ref name="ceo2">{{cite web|title=List of Assembly Constituencies showing their Parliamentary Constituencies wise break - up|url=http://ceoassam.nic.in/Gen_Informations/2.2%20-%20PC-wise%20LAC%20breakup.pdf|publisher=Chief Electoral Officer, Assam website|accessdate=26 September 2011}}</ref>
 
==Demographics==
According to the [[2011 census of India|2011 census]] Lakhimpur district has a [[Demographics of India|population]] of 1,040,644,<ref name=districtcensus>{{cite web | url = http://www.census2011.co.in/district.php | title = District Census 2011 | accessdate = 2011-09-30 | year = 2011 | publisher = Census2011.co.in}}</ref> roughly equal to the nation of [[Cyprus]]<ref name="cia">{{cite web | author = US Directorate of Intelligence | title = Country Comparison:Population | url = https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/rankorder/2119rank.html | accessdate = 2011-10-01 | quote =
Cyprus
1,120,489
July 2011 est.
}}</ref> or the US state of [[Rhode Island]].<ref>{{cite web|url=http://2010.census.gov/2010census/data/apportionment-pop-text.php|title=2010 Resident Population Data|publisher=U. S. Census Bureau|accessdate=2011-09-30| quote =
Rhode Island
1,052,567
}}</ref> This gives it a ranking of 435th in India (out of a total of [[Districts of India|640]]).<ref name=districtcensus/> The district has a population density of {{convert| 457 |PD/sqkm|PD/sqmi}} .<ref name=districtcensus/> Its [[Family planning in India|population growth rate]] over the decade 2001-2011 was 17.06%.<ref name=districtcensus/> Lakhimpur has a [[sex ratio]] of 965 [[Women in India|females]] for every 1000 males,<ref name=districtcensus/> and a [[Literacy in India|literacy rate]] of 78.39%.<ref name=districtcensus/>
 
==Flora and fauna==
In 1996 Lakhimpur district became home to the Bardoibum-Beelmukh [[Wildlife Sanctuaries in India|Wildlife Sanctuary]], which has an area of {{convert|11|km2|mi2|abbr=on|1}}.<ref name=parks>{{cite web|author=Indian Ministry of Forests and Environment|date=|title=Protected areas: Assam|publisher=|url=http://oldwww.wii.gov.in/envis/envis_pa_network/index.htm|accessdate=September 25, 2011}}</ref> It shares the park with [[Dhemaji district]].
 
==See also==
* [[Lakhimpur (Lok Sabha constituency)]]
 
==References==
{{reflist}}
* {{1911}}
* [http://lakhimpur.nic.in/profile.htm Official site]
* [http://www.webcitation.org/query?url=http://www.geocities.com/govthsschoolnl&date=2009-10-25+23:27:00]
 
==External links==
{{commons category}}
* [http://lakhimpur.gov.in/ District Administration website]
 
{{Geographic location
|Centre = Lakhimpur district
|North =
|Northeast = [[Dhemaji district]]
|East = [[Dibrugarh district]]
|Southeast =
|South = [[Jorhat district]]
|Southwest = [[Sonitpur district]]
|West =
|Northwest = [[Papum Pare district]], [[Arunachal Pradesh]]
}}
 
{{Assam}}
 
{{coord|27|13|48|N|94|06|00|E|region:IN-AS_type:adm2nd_source:kolossus-nowiki|display=title}}
 
[[Category:Districts of Assam]]
[[Category:Lakhimpur district| ]]
 
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