"గంజాం" కూర్పుల మధ్య తేడాలు

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చి (వైజాసత్య, పేజీ గంజం ను గంజాం కు తరలించారు: సరైన పేరు)
{{About|the district|its eponymous city|Ganjam}}
{{Infobox settlement
| name = Ganjam
| native_name =
| native_name_lang = or
| other_name =
| nickname =
| settlement_type = District
| image_skyline =
| image_alt =
| image_caption =
| image_map = OrissaGanjam.png
| latd = 19.383
| latm =
| lats =
| latNS = N
| longd = 85.05
| longm =
| longs =
| longEW = E
| coordinates_display = inline,title
|map_caption = Location in Odisha, India
| subdivision_type = Country
| subdivision_name = {{flag|India}}
| subdivision_type1 = [[States and territories of India|State]]
| subdivision_name1 = [[Odisha]]
| established_title = <!-- Established -->
| established_date =
| founder =
| named_for =
| seat_type = Headquarters
| seat = [[Chatrapur]]
| government_type =
| governing_body =
| leader_title1 = [[District collector|Collector]]
| leader_name1 = Shri Krishna Kumar, [[Indian Administrative Service|IAS]]
| leader_title2 = Member of Parliament
| leader_name2 = [[Siddhanta Mahapatra]], [[Biju Janata Dal|BJD]]
| leader_title3 = Member of Parliament
| leader_name3 = [[Nityananda Pradhan]], [[Biju Janata Dal|BJD]]
| unit_pref = Metric
| area_footnotes =
| area_rank =
| area_total_km2 = 8070.6
| elevation_footnotes =
| elevation_m =
| population_total = 3520151
| population_as_of = 2011
| population_rank = 1st
| population_density_km2 = 429
| population_demonym =
| population_footnotes =
| demographics_type1 = Languages
| demographics1_title1 = Official
| demographics1_info1 = [[Oriya language|Oriya]], [[Hindi]], [[English language|English]]
| timezone1 = [[Indian Standard Time|IST]]
| utc_offset1 = +5:30
| postal_code_type = [[Postal Index Number|PIN]]
| postal_code = 761 xxx
| registration_plate = OR-07/ OD-07
| blank1_name_sec1 = Nearest city
| blank1_info_sec1 = [[Brahmapur, Odisha|Brahmapur]], [[Bhubaneswar]]
| blank2_name_sec1 = [[Human sex ratio|Sex ratio]]
| blank2_info_sec1 = 981 [[male|♂]]/[[female|♀]]
| blank3_name_sec1 = Literacy
| blank3_info_sec1 = 71.88%
| blank4_name_sec1 = [[Lok Sabha]] constituency
| blank4_info_sec1 = [[Berhampur (Lok Sabha constituency)|Berhampur]]<br /> [[Aska (Lok Sabha constituency)|Aska]]
| blank5_name_sec1 = [[Odisha Legislative Assembly|Vidhan Sabha constituency]]
| blank5_info_sec1 = 13 {{collapsible list|title={{nbsp}}|Bhanjanagar(123)<br /> Polasara(124)<br /> Kabisuryanagar(125)<br /> Khallikote(126)<br /> Chhatrapur(127)<br /> Asika(128)<br /> Surada(129)<br /> Sanakhemundi(130)<br /> Hinjili(131)<br /> Gopalpur(132)<br /> Berhampur(133)<br /> Digapahandi(134)<br /> Chikiti(135)}}
| blank1_name_sec2 = [[Precipitation (meteorology)|Precipitation]]
| blank1_info_sec2 = {{convert|1295.6|mm|in}}
| website = {{URL|www.ganjam.nic.in}}
| footnotes = }}
 
'''Ganjam district''' ({{lang-or|ଗଞ୍ଜାମ ଜିଲ୍ଲା}}), is a district in the [[India]]n [[States and territories of India|state]] of [[Odisha]] located on the border of [[Andhra Pradesh]]. Ganjam's total area is 8,070&nbsp;km² (3,116&nbsp;mi²). Its population is approximately 2,704,056. Ganjam is known for its beaches bordering the [[Bay of Bengal]], the most famous ones being [[Gopalpur-on-Sea|Gopalpur]] (a famous tourist destination) and Dhavaleshwar. The most populous city in Ganjam, [[Berhampur]], is famous for silver [[filigree]] and silk sarees woven with gold and silver threads.
 
The district headquarters is [[Chhatrapur]]. Ganjam is divided into three sub-divisions Chhatrapur, [[Berhampur]], and [[Bhanjanagar]]. The ''[[The Imperial Gazetteer of India]]'' 1908 lists Ganjam, along with the [[Thanjavur District|Thanjavur]] and [[South Canara]] districts, as the three districts of the [[Madras Presidency]] where [[Brahmins]] were most numerous.
As of 2011 it is the most populous district of Odisha (out of [[List of districts of Odisha|30]]).<ref name="districtcensus">{{cite web | url = http://www.census2011.co.in/district.php | title = District Census 2011 | accessdate = 2011-09-30 | year = 2011 | publisher = Census2011.co.in}}</ref>
 
==History==
Undivided historical Ganjam district included present Gajapati district and also parts of [[Srikakulam district]] of [[Andhra Pradesh]] before 1950. In 1950, [[Srikakulam district]] was organised by separating [[Srikakulam]] and [[Tekkali]] areas from [[Ganjam]] district and [[Palakonda]] area from [[Visakhapatnam district]]. In 1992, [[Paralakhemundi]], [[Kasinagar]] and Ramagiri Udayagiri areas were separated from Ganjam district and organised as [[Gajapati district]]. At first, [[Ganjam]] has been headquarters of Ganjam district and later [[Chhatrapur]] was made as headquarters.
 
The district is currently a part of the [[Red Corridor]].<ref>{{cite web|url=http://intellibriefs.blogspot.com/2009/12/naxal-menace-83-districts-under.html |title=83 districts under the Security Related Expenditure Scheme |publisher=IntelliBriefs |date= 2009-12-11 |accessdate=2011-09-17}}</ref>
 
==Geography==
 
=== Major towns ===
[[Asika]], [[Badagada]],[[Ballipadar]], [[Belaguntha]], [[Bijaya Dhananjaya Pur Sasan|B.D.Pur Sasan]], [[Bhanjanagar]], [[Brahmapur, Odisha|Brahmapur]], [[Buguda]], [[Chhatrapur]], [[Chikiti]]garh, [[Dengadi]], [[Dharakote]], [[Digapahandi]], [[Gandola]], [[Ganjam]], [[Gopalpur-on-Sea|Gopalpur]], [[Hinjilicut]], [[Jagannath Prasad]], [[Kabisuryanagar]], [[Khallikote]], [[Kodala]], [[Konkorada]], [[Kukudakhandi]], [[Makundapur]], [[Nuagam]], [[Patrapur]], [[Polasara]], [[Purusottampur]], [[Sanakhemundi]], [[Sheragada]], [[Surada]], [[Rambha, Odisha|Rambha]], [[Bhismagiri]].
 
==Economy==
In 2006 the [[Ministry of Panchayati Raj]] named Ganjam one of the country's 250 [[Poverty in India|most backward districts]] (out of a total of [[Districts of India|640]]).<ref name=brgf/> It is one of the 19 districts in [[Odisha]] currently receiving funds from the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme (BRGF).<ref name=brgf>{{cite web|author=Ministry of Panchayati Raj|date=September 8, 2009|title=A Note on the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme|publisher=National Institute of Rural Development|url=http://www.nird.org.in/brgf/doc/brgf_BackgroundNote.pdf|accessdate=September 27, 2011}}</ref>
 
==Culture==
 
===Notable residents of the past===
* [[Upendra Bhanja|Kabi Samrat Upendra Bhanja]].
* Sashi Bhusan Rath: born in [[Surada]]. He was a great personality and a social reformer at that period. He had elected to the vice-chairman of former "Berhampur Municipality" and to "Madras Assembly Council". He was the founder-cum-editor of the 1st [[Oriya language|Oriya]] daily "ASHA".
* [[Biju Patnaik]].
* [[A. P. Patro|Aneppu Parasuramdas Patro]]: [[Indian Justice Party|Justice Party]] leader and Education Minister in the [[Raja of Panagal]] government who is remembered for bringing about Communal G. O. 613 which introduced caste-based communal reservations for the first time in [[British India]].
* [[V. V. Giri]]: former [[President of India]].
* [[Biswanath Das]]:- He was the Prime Minister of Odisha Province of British India 1937–39, the Governor of Uttar Pradesh 1962–67 and later the Chief Minister of Odisha 1971–72.
 
===Notable residents of the present===
* [[Siddhanta Mahapatra]], Film Actor, Politician
 
===Notable Religious places===
 
* Maa Samlai Temple, Near Hinjlikatu
* Maa Tara Tarini Temple, near Purusotampur
* Biranchi narayana Temple, Buguda
* Maa Phulakasini Temple, Near Badagada
* Mahuri kalua, near berhampur
* Sanideba temple, Mathura, between sheragada and badagada road.
 
==Demographics==
According to the [[2011 census of India|2011 census]] Ganjam district has a [[Demographics of India|population]] of 3,520,151,<ref name="districtcensus"/> roughly equal to the nation of [[Lithuania]]<ref name="cia">{{cite web | author = US Directorate of Intelligence | title = Country Comparison:Population | url = https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/rankorder/2119rank.html | accessdate = 2011-10-01 | quote =
Lithuania
3,535,547
July 2011 est.
}}</ref> or the US state of [[Connecticut]].<ref>{{cite web|url=http://2010.census.gov/2010census/data/apportionment-pop-text.php|title=2010 Resident Population Data|publisher=U. S. Census Bureau|accessdate=2011-09-30| quote =
Connecticut
3,574,097
}}</ref> This gives it a ranking of 83rd in India (out of a total of [[Districts of India|640]]).<ref name=districtcensus/> The district has a population density of {{convert| 429 |PD/sqkm|PD/sqmi}} .<ref name=districtcensus/> Its [[Family planning in India|population growth rate]] over the decade 2001-2011 was 11.37%.<ref name=districtcensus/> Ganjam has a [[sex ratio]] of 981 [[Women in India|females]] for every 1000 males,<ref name=districtcensus/> and a [[Literacy in India|literacy rate]] of 71.88%.<ref name=districtcensus/>
 
==Politics==
 
===Vidhan sabha constituencies===
{{main|List of constituencies of Odisha Vidhan Sabha}}
The following is the 13[[Odisha Legislative Assembly|Vidhan sabha]] constituencies<ref>[http://eci.nic.in/delim/Final_Publications/Orissa/orissa.pdf Assembly Constituencies and their EXtent]</ref><ref>[http://eci.nic.in/delim/paper1to7/Orissa.xls Seats of Odisha]</ref> of Ganjam and the elected members<ref>{{cite web |url= http://ws.ori.nic.in/ola/mlaprofile/listofmem1.asp |title=List of Member in Fourteenth Assembly |first= |last= |work=ws.ori.nic.in |quote=MEMBER NAME |accessdate=19 February 2013}}</ref> of those area
 
{| class="wikitable sortable"
|-
!No.
!Constituency
!Reservation
!Extent of the Assembly Constituency (Blocks)
!Member of 14th Assembly
![[Political party|Party]]
|-
!123
|Bhanjanagar
|None
|Bhanjanagar (NAC), Bhanjanagar, Jagannathprasad
|Bikram Keshari Arukha
| bgcolor="#004225" | [[Biju Janata Dal|<span style="color:white;">BJD</span>]]
|-
!124
|Polasara
|None
|Buguda (NAC), Polasara (NAC), Buguda, Polasara
| Srikant Sahu
| bgcolor="#004225" |<span style="color:white;">BJD</span>
|-
!125
|Kabisuryanagar
|None
|Kabisuryanagar (NAC), Kodala (NAC), Beguniapada, Kabisuryanagar (part)<!-- Gangapur G.P., Baunsia G. P, Budhamba G. P, Khajapalli G. P, Badamahuri G. P, Athagadapatna G. P, Gudiali G. P, Jarada G. P, Risipur G. P-->, Purusottampur (part)<!-- Sama G. P, Chingudighai G. P, Sikula G. P, Arakhapur G. P, Bhutasarasingi G. P, Badakharida G. P, Pandia G. P, Ch. Nuagan G. P, Jhadabai G. P, Tankchai G. P, Antarigan G. P-->
|Smt. V. Sugnana Kumari Deo
| bgcolor="#004225" | <span style="color:white;">BJD</span>
|-
!126
|Khalikote
|SC
| Khalikote(NAC), Purusottampur (NAC), Khalikote, Purusottampur (part) <!-- Achuli G. P, Handighar G. P, K. N Pur G. P, Pratappur G. P, Ranajhali G. P, Raipur G. P, Solaghara G. P, Jagannathpur G. P, Baghala G. P, Bhatakumarada G. P, Sunathara G. P, Badabaragam G. P, Bhimpur G. P, Gangadehuni G. P, Jamini G. P-->
| Purna Chandra Sethy
| bgcolor="#004225" | <span style="color:white;">BJD</span>
|-
!127
|Chhatrapur
|SC
|Chhatrapur (NAC), Ganjam (NAC), Rambha (NAC), Ganjam, Chhatrapur
| Priyanshu Pradhan
| bgcolor="#004225" | <span style="color:white;">BJD</span>
|-
!128
|Asika
|None
|Asika (NAC), Asika, Kabisuryanagar (part)<!-- Subalaya G. P, Kaniari G. P, Barida G. P, Paikajamuna G. P, Sunapalli G. P, Sialia G. P, Nandiagada G. P, Borasingi G. P, Ambapua G. P, Baliasara G. P, Bolasara G. P, Sunarijhola G. P, -->
| Debaraj Mohanty
| bgcolor="#004225" | <span style="color:white;">BJD</span>
|-
!129
|Surada
|None
|Surada (NAC), Belaguntha (NAC), Surada, Belaguntha,
| Purna Chandra Swain
| bgcolor="#004225" |<span style="color:white;">BJD</span>
|-
!130
|Sanakhemundi
|None
|Sanakhemundi, Dharakote
| Nandini Devi
| bgcolor="#004225" |<span style="color:white;">BJD</span>
|-
!131
|Hinjili
|None
|Hinjilicut (NAC), Hinjilicut, Hinjili Sheragada
|[[Naveen Patnaik]]
| bgcolor="#004225" |<span style="color:white;">BJD</span>
|-
!132
|Gopalpur
|None
|Gopalpur (NAC), Rangailunda, Kukudakhandi (part)<!-- Hugulapatta G. P, Gurunthi G. P, Barigan G. P, Nimakhandi G. P-->, Berhampur (M) (part)<!-- Ward No.XXV, Ward No.XXVI, Ward No. XXVII-->
| Pradeep Kumar Panigrahy
| bgcolor="#004225" | <span style="color:white;">BJD</span>
|-
!133
|Berhampur
|None
|Berhampur (M) (Part), <!-- Ward No. I, Ward No.II, Ward No.III, Ward No.IV, Ward No. V, Ward No.VI, Ward No.VII, Ward No.VIII, Ward No.IX, Ward No. X, Ward No.XI, Ward No.XII, Ward No.XIII, Ward No.XIV, Ward No.XV, Ward No.XVI, Ward No.XVII, Ward No. XVIII, Ward No.XIX, Ward No.XX, Ward No.XXI, Ward No.XXII, Ward No. XXIII, Ward No.XXIV-->
| Ramesh Chandra Chyau Patnaik
| bgcolor="#004225" |<span style="color:white;">BJD</span>
|-
!134
|Digapahandi
|None
|Digapahandi (NAC), Digapahandi, Kukudakhandi (Part) <!-- Rohigam G. P, Baulajhol G. P, Kukuda Khandi G. P, Masiakhali G. P, Jagadalpur G. P, Ankushpur G. P, Dakshinapur G. P, Ballipada G. P, Dengapadar G. P, Bontapalli G. P, Anantayi G. P, Lathi G. P, Mahada G. P, Kankia G. P, Sahala G. P, Baghalati G. P-->
| Surjya Narayana Patro
| bgcolor="#004225" | <span style="color:white;">BJD</span>
|-
!135
|Chikiti
|None
|Chikiti (NAC), Chikiti, Chikiti Patrapur
|Smt. Usha Devi
| bgcolor="#004225" | <span style="color:white;">BJD</span>
|}
 
==References==
{{reflist|2}}
 
== External links ==
* {{official website|http://ganjam.nic.in/}}
 
{{Geographic location
|Centre = Ganjam district
|North = [[Nayagarh district]]
|Northeast = [[Khordha district]]
|East = [[Puri district]]
|Southeast = ''[[Bay of Bengal]]''
|South = [[Srikakulam district]], [[Andhra Pradesh]]
|Southwest =
|West = [[Gajapati district]]
|Northwest = [[Kandhamal district]]
}}
 
{{Ganjam district}}
{{Odisha}}
 
{{DEFAULTSORT:Ganjam District}}
[[Category:Ganjam district| ]]
 
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