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{{About|the district|its eponymous headquarters|Jehanabad}}
{{India Districts
|Name = Jehanabad
|HQ = Jehanabad
|Map = Bihar district location map Jehanabad.svg
|Area = 1569
|Rain = 1074
|Population = 1,124,176
|Urban =
|Year = 2011
|Density = 1206
|Literacy = 68.27 per cent
|SexRatio = 918 <ref >name=districtcensus</ref>
|Tehsils =
|LokSabha = [[Jahanabad (Lok Sabha constituency)|Jahanabad]]
|Assembly =
|Highways = [[National Highway 83 (India)|NH 83]]
|Website = http://jehanabad.bih.nic.in/
}}
'''Jehanabad district''' is one of the thirty-eight [[Districts of Bihar|districts]] of [[Bihar]] [[States and territories of India|state]], [[India]], and [[Jehanabad]] town is the administrative headquarters of this district. Jehanabad district is a part of [[Magadh Division]]. This district is 45&nbsp;km from [[Patna]], the capital of Bihar and 43 km from gaya.
 
Jehanabad is located on the confluence of two small rivers called Dardha and Yamunaiya. It is the heartland of [[Magadha]] and the local dialect is called [[Magahi language|Magahi]]. The district has been in the national news mostly for the news related to [[Naxalite]] violence. The area is however developing now and the services sector is gaining ground in the district.
 
==History==
The territory of the present-day district became Jehanabad sub-division of [[Gaya district]] in 1872. The district came into existence on 1 August 1986.
 
The [[Barabar Caves]] are located in the Jehanabad District. They are the oldest surviving rock-cut caves in India, mostly dating from the [[Maurya Empire|Mauryan period]] (322–185 BCE), and some with Ashokan inscriptions.
 
It is currently a part of the [[Red Corridor]].<ref>{{cite web|url=http://intellibriefs.blogspot.com/2009/12/naxal-menace-83-districts-under.html |title=83 districts under the Security Related Expenditure Scheme |publisher=IntelliBriefs |date= 2009-12-11 |accessdate=2011-09-17}}</ref>
 
Jehanabad is named after [[Jahanara Begum Sahib]]. She was daughter of [[Mughal Empire|Mughal]] emperor [[Shah Jahan]] and [[Arjumand Banu Begum]]. She was born on 16 September 1681.
 
 
 
==Geography==
Jehanabad district occupies an area of {{convert|932|km2|sqmi}},<ref name='Reference Annual'>{{cite book | last1 = Srivastava, Dayawanti et al. (ed.) | title = India 2010: A Reference Annual | chapter = States and Union Territories: Bihar: Government | edition = 54th | publisher = Additional Director General, Publications Division, [[Ministry of Information and Broadcasting (India)]], [[Government of India]] | year = 2010 | location = New Delhi, India | pages = 1118–1119 | accessdate = 2011-10-11 | isbn = 978-81-230-1617-7}}</ref> comparatively equivalent to [[Mexico]]'s [[Isla Ángel de la Guarda]].<ref name='Islands'>{{cite web | url = http://islands.unep.ch/Tiarea.htm | title = Island Directory Tables: Islands by Land Area | accessdate = 2011-10-11 | date = 1998-02-18 | publisher = [[United Nations Environment Program]] | quote = Isla Ángel de la Guarda 931km2}}</ref>
 
The region is rich for cultivating cereals and vegetables. There are two seasons, hot and dry.
 
==Economy==
In 2006 the [[Ministry of Panchayati Raj]] named Jehanabad one of the country's 250 [[Poverty in India|most backward districts]] (out of a total of [[Districts of India|640]]).<ref name=brgf/> It is one of the 36 districts in Bihar currently receiving funds from the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme (BRGF).<ref name=brgf>{{cite web|author=Ministry of Panchayati Raj|date=September 8, 2009|title=A Note on the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme|publisher=National Institute of Rural Development|url=http://www.nird.org.in/brgf/doc/brgf_BackgroundNote.pdf|accessdate=September 27, 2011}}</ref>
 
==Divisions==
The district comprises only one sub-division, Jehanbad, which is further divided into seven blocks: Jehanabad, Kako, ModanGANJ, Ghosi, Hulasganj, Makhdumpur, and Ratni Faridpur.
 
==Education==
There are a lot of schools in jehanabad District, most of them are private high schools, which are popular across the city and provide better education, names are as follows, D.A.V. School, B.V.N., P.P.S., Manas Vidyalaya, Kendriya Vidyalaya, Swami vivekanand high school Tehta are some of the schools following C.B.S.E. syllabus for quite long time. Many new schools have come up in recent time. These schools are contributing in the development of academic culture in the district.The Gandhi Intermediate School earlier known as VT School and SS College Jehanabad is proof of as backbone of district education.
 
==Demographics==
According to the [[2011 census of India|2011 census]] Jehanabad district has a [[Demographics of India|population]] of 1,124,176,<ref name=districtcensus>{{cite web | url = http://www.census2011.co.in/district.php | title = District Census 2011 | accessdate = 2011-09-30 | year = 2011 | publisher = Census2011.co.in}}</ref> roughly equal to the nation of [[Cyprus]]<ref name="cia">{{cite web | author = US Directorate of Intelligence | title = Country Comparison:Population | url = https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/rankorder/2119rank.html | accessdate = 2011-10-01 | quote =
Cyprus
1,120,489
July 2011 est.
}}</ref> or the US state of [[Rhode Island]].<ref>{{cite web|url=http://2010.census.gov/2010census/data/apportionment-pop-text.php|title=2010 Resident Population Data|publisher=U. S. Census Bureau|accessdate=2011-09-30| quote =
Rhode Island
1,052,567
}}</ref> This gives it a ranking of 412th in India (out of a total of [[Districts of India|640]]).<ref name=districtcensus/> The district has a population density of {{convert| 1206 |PD/sqkm|PD/sqmi}} .<ref name=districtcensus/> Its [[Family planning in India|population growth rate]] over the decade 2001-2011 was 21.34%.<ref name=districtcensus/> Jehanabad has a [[sex ratio]] of 918 [[Women in India|females]] for every 1000 males,<ref name=districtcensus/> and a [[Literacy in India|literacy rate]] of 68.27%.<ref name=districtcensus/>
 
==See also==
*[[Districts of Bihar]]
 
==References==
{{reflist}}
 
==External links==
* [http://jehanabad.bih.nic.in/ Jehanabad district website]
* [http://www.allaboutbihar.com/districts/jehanabad/index.php Jehanabad Information Portal]
 
{{Geographic location
|Centre = Jehanabad district
|North = [[Patna district]]
|Northeast =
|East = [[Nalanda district]]
|Southeast =
|South = [[Gaya district]]
|Southwest =
|West = [[Arwal district]]
|Northwest =
}}
 
{{Districts of Bihar}}
{{Magadh Division}}
{{Magadh Division topics}}
 
{{coord|24|45|N|85|00|E|region:IN_type:adm2nd|display=title}}
{{commons category}}
 
[[Category:Magadh division]]
[[Category:Districts of Bihar]]
[[Category:Jehanabad district| ]]
[[Category:1986 establishments in India]]
[[Category:Districts in India]]
 
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