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{{About|the district|the historical town|Sravasti}}
{{India Districts
|Name = Shravasti
|Local = श्रावस्ती जिला
|State = Uttar Pradesh
|Division = [[Devipatan division|Devipatan]]
|HQ = Bhinga
|Map = Uttar Pradesh district location map Shravasti.svg
|Area = 1858.2
|Rain =
|Population = 1,114,615
|Urban =
|Year = 2011
|Density =
|Literacy = 49.13 per cent
|SexRatio =
|Tehsils = 2
|LokSabha = [[Shrawasti (Lok Sabha constituency)|Shravasti]]
|Assembly =
|Highways =
|Website = http://shravasti.nic.in
}}
'''Shravasti District''' is one of the [[Districts of Uttar Pradesh|districts]] of the [[Uttar Pradesh]] [[States and territories of India|state]] of [[India]] and [[Bhinga]] town is district headquarters. Shravasti district is a part of [[Devipatan Division]]. According to Government of India, the district Shravasti is one of the minority concentrated district in India on the basis of the 2001 census data on population, socio-economic indicators and basic amenities indicators.<ref>{{cite web|url=http://pib.nic.in/release/release.asp?relid=28770 |title=Press Information Bureau English Releases |publisher=Pib.nic.in |date= |accessdate=2012-07-23}}</ref>
 
==History==
{{main|Sravasti}}
Shravasti, the north-eastern town of [[Uttar Pradesh]], is located near the [[West Rapti River]]. This town is closely associated with the life of [[Gautama Buddha]], who is believed to have spent 24 [[Chaturmas]]es here.<ref>http://www.hindustantimes.com/Travel/TravelStories/The-Ananda-Bodhi-at-Shravasti/Article1-905851.aspx</ref> Age-old [[stupa]]s, majestic [[vihara]]s and several [[temple]]s near the village of "Sahet-Mahet" establish Buddha's association with Shravasti. It is being said that the [[Vedic Bharat period]] king Sravast founded this town. Shravasti was the capital of the [[Kosala Kingdom]] during 6th century BC to 6th century AD. This prosperous trading center was well known for its religious associations. Sobhanath [[Derasar|temple]] is believed to be the birthplace of the [[Tirthankara]] [[Sambhavanath]] in [[Jainism]], making Shravasti an important center for Jains. According to [[Nagarjuna]], the city had a [[population]] of 900,000 in 5th century BCE and it even overshadowed [[Magadha]]'s capital, [[Rajgir]].
 
As mentioned in the 'Bruhatkalpa' and various [[Kalpa (Vedanga)|Kalpas]] of the fourteenth century, the name of the city was Mahid. There are subsequent mentions showing that the name of this city was Sahet-Mahet. It is also mentioned that a vast fort covered this city in which there were many [[mandir|temples]] having idols of Devkulikas.
 
Today a great [[Defensive wall|rampart]] of earth and brick surrounds this city. During [[Excavation (archaeology)|excavation]] in 'Sahet-Mahet' near Shravasti City, many ancient idols and inscriptions were found. They are now kept in museums of Mathura and Lucknow. At present, the archaeological department of the [[India]]n Government is doing excavation to perform allied research.
 
==Geography==
[http://www.shrawasti.com/ Shravasti ]—part of historic [[Awadh]]—was carved out from [[Gonda district]] on the south and [[Bahraich district|Bahraich]] on the west. Shrawasti also borders [[Balrampur district|Balrampur]] on the east, and [[Nepal]]'s districts [[Dang Deukhuri District|Dang-Deukhuri]] to the northeast and [[Banke district nepal]] to the northwest. Shravasti district headquarters [[Bhinga]] is about 170 kilometres from Lucknow [up state headquarter ] the [[List of state and union territory capitals in India|state capital]].
 
==Economy==
In 2006 the [[Ministry of Panchayati Raj]] named Shravasti one of the country's 250 [[Poverty in India|most backward districts]] (out of a total of [[Districts of India|640]]).<ref name=brgf/> It is one of the 34 districts in Uttar Pradesh currently receiving funds from the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme (BRGF).<ref name=brgf>{{cite web|author=Ministry of Panchayati Raj|date=September 8, 2009|title=A Note on the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme|publisher=National Institute of Rural Development|url=http://www.nird.org.in/brgf/doc/brgf_BackgroundNote.pdf|accessdate=September 27, 2011}}</ref>
 
==Demographics==
According to the [[2011 census of India|2011 census]] Shravasti district has a [[Demographics of India|population]] of 1,114,615,<ref name=districtcensus>{{cite web | url = http://www.census2011.co.in/district.php | title = District Census 2011 | accessdate = 2011-09-30 | year = 2011 | publisher = Census2011.co.in}}</ref> roughly equal to the nation of [[Cyprus]]<ref name="cia">{{cite web | author = US Directorate of Intelligence | title = Country Comparison:Population | url = https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/rankorder/2119rank.html | accessdate = 2011-10-01 | quote =
Cyprus
1,120,489
July 2011 est.
}}</ref> or the US state of [[Rhode Island]].<ref>{{cite web|url=http://2010.census.gov/2010census/data/apportionment-pop-text.php|title=2010 Resident Population Data|publisher=U. S. Census Bureau|accessdate=2011-09-30| quote =
Rhode Island
1,052,567
}}</ref> This gives it a ranking of 414th in India (out of a total of [[Districts of India|640]]).<ref name=districtcensus/>
The district has a population density of {{convert| 572 |PD/sqkm|PD/sqmi}} .<ref name=districtcensus/> Its [[Family planning in India|population growth rate]] over the decade 2001-2011 was -5.25 %.<ref name=districtcensus/> Shrawasti has a [[sex ratio]] of 875 [[Women in India|females]] for every 1000 males,<ref name=districtcensus/> and a [[Literacy in India|literacy rate]] of 49.13%.<ref name=districtcensus/>
 
==Education==
With a literacy rate of 34.2 per cent in 2001, it had the lowest literacy rate amongst districts in Uttar Pradesh.<ref>{{cite web| url =http://www.educationforallinindia.com/page172.html | title =Seminar On Progress Of Literacy In India: What The Census 2001 Preveals Niepa, New Delhi, October 05, 2002 | last = | first = | work =India’s Literacy Panorama | publisher = educationforallinindia.com |accessdate = 2010-08-17 }}</ref>
 
==References==
{{Reflist}}
 
==External links==
 
{{Geographic location
|Centre = Shravasti district
|North = {{NEP|Nepal}}
|Northeast =
|East = [[Balrampur district]]
|Southeast =
|South = [[Gonda district]]
|Southwest =
|West = [[Bahraich district]]
|Northwest =
}}
 
{{Shravasti district}}
{{Districts of Uttar Pradesh}}
{{Devipatan division topics}}
{{Minority Concentrated Districts in India}}
 
{{coord|27.701958|N|81.934845|E|type:adm3rd_source:itwiki|display=title}}
 
[[Category:Districts of Uttar Pradesh]]
[[Category:Shravasti district| ]]
[[Category:Minority Concentrated Districts in India]]
[[Category:Districts in India]]
 
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