"తూర్పు రైల్వే" కూర్పుల మధ్య తేడాలు

చి
ఈస్ట్ ఇండియన్ రైల్వే (ఈఐఆర్) కంపెనీ ద్వారా ఢిల్లీకి తూర్పు భారతదేశం నకు 1845 సం.లో అనుసంధానం ఏర్పడింది. మొదటి రైలు ఆగస్టు 15, 1854 సం.న హౌరా మరియు హుగ్లీ మధ్య నడిచింది. రైలు 08:30 గంటలకు హౌరా స్టేషన్ వదిలి మరియు 91 నిమిషాల హుగ్లీ చేరుకుంది. ఈస్ట్ ఇండియన్ రైల్వే నిర్వహణ జనవరి 1, 1925 న బ్రిటిష్ ప్రభుత్వం స్వాధీనం చేసుకుంది. <ref>Rao, M.A. (1988). ''Indian Railways'', New Delhi: National Book Trust, pp.13,34</ref>
 
తూర్పు రైల్వే 1952 ఏప్రిల్ 14 న (1) ఈస్ట్ ఇండియన్ రైల్వే మూడు తక్కువ విభాగాలు అయిన హౌరా, అసన్సోల్ మరియు డానాపూర్ తో మరియు (2) మొత్తం బెంగాల్ నాగ్పూర్ రైల్వే (బిఎన్‌ఆర్) (3) గతకాలపు బెంగాల్ అస్సాం రైల్వేలకు చెందిన సీల్దా డివిజన్ (ఇది అప్పటికే 15 ఆగస్టు 1947 న ఈస్ట్ ఇండియన్ రైల్వే జోడించబడింది) విలీనం ద్వారా ఏర్పడింది. <ref>{{cite web |url=http://www.easternrailwaysealdah.gov.in/WebForm/FrameContent/Engineering.html|title=Sealdah division-Engineering details|publisher=The Eastern Railway, Sealdah division}}</ref> (which was already added to the East Indian Railway on 15 August 1947).
 
 
 
 
 
The Eastern Railway was formed on 14 April 1952 by amalgamating three lower divisions of the East Indian Railway: Howrah, Asansol and Danapur, the entire [[Bengal Nagpur Railway]] (BNR) and the Sealdah division of the erstwhile [[Bengal Assam Railway]]<ref>{{cite web |url=http://www.easternrailwaysealdah.gov.in/WebForm/FrameContent/Engineering.html|title=Sealdah division-Engineering details|publisher=The Eastern Railway, Sealdah division}}</ref> (which was already added to the East Indian Railway on 15 August 1947). On 1 August 1955, the portions of BNR stretching from Howrah to Visakhapatnam in the South, Howrah to Nagpur in the Central area and up to Katni in the North Central Region were separated from Eastern Railway and became the [[South Eastern Railway Zone, India|South Eastern Railway]].<ref>Rao, M.A. (1988). ''Indian Railways'', New Delhi: National Book Trust, pp.42–3</ref><ref name=er>{{cite web |url=https://www.easternrailway.gov.in/erweb_new/about_us/aboutus.asp|title=The Eastern Railway-About us|publisher=The Eastern Railway}}</ref> Three more divisions: Dhanbad, Mughalsarai and Malda were formed later.<ref>{{cite web|url=http://pib.nic.in/focus/fojul99/fo2407991.html|title=Focus-Eastern Railway|publisher=Press Information Bureau, Government of India}}</ref> Till 30 September 2002 ER consisted seven divisions.
 
The Eastern Railway was formed on 14 April 1952 by amalgamating three lower divisions of the East Indian Railway: Howrah, Asansol and Danapur, the entire [[Bengal Nagpur Railway]] (BNR) and the Sealdah division of the erstwhile [[Bengal Assam Railway]]<ref>{{cite web |url=http://www.easternrailwaysealdah.gov.in/WebForm/FrameContent/Engineering.html|title=Sealdah division-Engineering details|publisher=The Eastern Railway, Sealdah division}}</ref> (which was already added to the East Indian Railway on 15 August 1947). On 1 August 1955, the portions of BNR stretching from Howrah to Visakhapatnam in the South, Howrah to Nagpur in the Central area and up to Katni in the North Central Region were separated from Eastern Railway and became the [[South Eastern Railway Zone, India|South Eastern Railway]].<ref>Rao, M.A. (1988). ''Indian Railways'', New Delhi: National Book Trust, pp.42–3</ref><ref name=er>{{cite web |url=https://www.easternrailway.gov.in/erweb_new/about_us/aboutus.asp|title=The Eastern Railway-About us|publisher=The Eastern Railway}}</ref> Three more divisions: Dhanbad, Mughalsarai and Malda were formed later.<ref>{{cite web|url=http://pib.nic.in/focus/fojul99/fo2407991.html|title=Focus-Eastern Railway|publisher=Press Information Bureau, Government of India}}</ref> Till 30 September 2002 ER consisted seven divisions.
<!-- Deleted image removed: [[Image:Howrah.jpg|thumb|left|250px|Howrah station]] -->
On 1 October 2002 a new zone, the [[East Central Railway]] was carved out by separating the Eastern Railway's [[Danapur]], [[Dhanbad]] and [[Mughalsarai]] divisions from it.<ref name=er/> Presently, it comprises four divisions.
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