=== Ecology ===
The sandy soil on much of the islands has only scrub vegetation. Some parts of Antigua are more fertile–most notably the central plain–due to the [[volcanic ash]] in the soil. These areas support some tropical vegetation and agricultural uses. The planting of [[acacia]], [[mahogany]], and red and white cedar on Antigua has led to as much as 11% of the land becoming forested, helping to conserve the soil and water.