Difference between revisions of "ఆంటిగ్వా అండ్ బార్బుడా"

ఎగుమతులకు అనుకూలంగా పారిశ్రామికరగం అభివృద్ధిచేయడానికి ప్రణాళికలు రూపొందించబడుతున్నాయి.హస్థకళా ఉత్పత్తులు మరియు ఎలెక్ట్రానిక్ ఉత్పత్తులు పారిశ్రామికరంగంలో ప్రధానపాత్ర వహిస్తున్నాయి. [[2003]] లో పారిశ్రామికవేత్త నెయిల్ సైమన్ ఆటిగ్వాలో " అమెరికన్ యూనివర్శిటీ ఆఫ్ ఆంటిగ్వా కాలేజ్ ఆఫ్ మెడిసన్ స్థాపించాడు.
విశ్వవిద్యాలయం ఆంటిక్వాలోని ప్రజలకు అధికసంఖ్యలో ఉపాధిసౌకర్యం కల్పించింది.
{{Main article|Demographics of Antigua and Barbuda}}
[[File:Antigua-Barbuda-demography.png|thumb|450px|Antigua & Barbuda's population (1961-2010). Number of inhabitants in thousands.]]
===Ethnic groups===
Antigua has a population of 85,632, mostly made up of people of [[West African]], [[United Kingdom|British]], and [[Portuguese people|Madeiran]] descent. The ethnic distribution consists of 91% Black, 4.4% mixed race, 1.7% White, and 2.9% other (primarily East Indian and Asian). Most Whites are of Irish or British descent. Christian Levantine Arabs, and a small number of [[Asians]] and [[Sephardic Jews]] make up the remainder of the population.
An increasingly large percentage of the population lives abroad, most notably in the United Kingdom ([[Antiguan British|Antiguan Britons]]), United States and [[Canada]]. A minority of Antiguan residents are immigrants from other countries, particularly from Dominica, Guyana and [[Jamaica]], and, increasing, from the Dominican Republic, [[St. Vincent and the Grenadines]] and [[Nigeria]]. An estimated 4,500 American citizens also make their home in Antigua and Barbuda, making their numbers one of the largest American populations in the English-speaking Eastern Caribbean.<ref>{{cite web |url=http://www.state.gov/r/pa/ei/bgn/2336.htm |title=Background Note: Antigua and Barbuda |accessdate=23 August 2007|archiveurl= https://web.archive.org/web/20070814213848/http://www.state.gov/r/pa/ei/bgn/2336.htm|archivedate= 14 August 2007 <!--DASHBot-->|deadurl= no}}</ref>
English is the official language.The [[Barbuda]]n accent is slightly different from the [[Antigua]]n.
In the years before Antigua and Barbuda's independence, Standard English was widely spoken in preference to Antiguan Creole. Generally, the upper and middle classes shun Antiguan Creole. The educational system dissuades the use of Antiguan Creole and instruction is done in Standard (British) English.
Many of the words used in the Antiguan dialect are derived from [[British English|British]] as well as African languages. This can be easily seen in phrases such as: "Ent it?" meaning "Ain't it?" which is itself dialectal and means "Isn't it?". Common island [[proverb]]s can often be traced to Africa.
Spanish is spoken by around 10,000 inhabitants.<ref>[http://www.cavehill.uwi.edu/BNCCde/antigua/conference/papers/farquhar.html Bernadette Farquhar - The Spanish Language in Antigua and Barbuda: Implications for Language Planning and Language Research<!-- Bot generated title -->] {{webarchive |url=https://web.archive.org/web/20130715015910/http://www.cavehill.uwi.edu/BNCCde/antigua/conference/papers/farquhar.html |date=15 July 2013 }}</ref>
===Largest cities===
{{Further information|List of cities in Antigua and Barbuda}}
{{Largest cities of Antigua and Barbuda}}
[[File:Stjohnscathedralantigua.jpg|thumb|[[St. John's Cathedral, St. John's]]]]
74%<ref>{{cite web |date=15 September 2006 |url=http://www.state.gov/g/drl/rls/irf/2006/71445.htm |title=Antigua and Barbuda: International Religious Freedom Report 2006 |accessdate=23 August 2007|archiveurl= http://webarchive.loc.gov/all/20061121112254/http%3A//www%2Estate%2Egov/g/drl/rls/irf/2006/71445%2Ehtm|archivedate= 21 November 2006<!--DASHBot-->|deadurl= no}}</ref> of Antiguans are [[Christianity|Christians]], with the [[Anglicans]] (about 44%) being the largest single denomination. Other Christian denominations present are [[Baptists]],<ref>[http://www.bwanet.org/default.aspx?pid=1118 ] {{dead link|date=June 2016|bot=medic}}{{cbignore|bot=medic}}</ref> [[Presbyterians]]<ref>[http://www.fpcjackson.org/resources/church_history/Southern%20Presbyterian%20History/no.%201%20The%20Beginnings.htm An Introduction to Southern Presbyterian History (1611-2001)]</ref><ref>{{cite book|author = Mark A. Noll|title = A History of Christianity in the United States and Canada - Mark A. Noll|url = https://books.google.com/?id=e0zuAAAAMAAJ&pg=PA68|year = 1992|publisher = Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing Company|isbn = 9780802806512}}</ref> and [[Roman Catholics]].
Non-Christian religions practised in the islands include the [[Rastafari Movement]], [[Islam]], [[Judaism]] and the [[Bahá'í Faith]].
{{Main article|Education in Antigua and Barbuda}}
Antigua & Barbuda has a greater than 90% literacy rate. In 1998, Antigua and Barbuda adopted a national mandate to become the pre-eminent provider of medical services in the Caribbean. As part of this mission, Antigua and Barbuda built the most technologically advanced hospital in the Caribbean, the Mt. St. John Medical Centre. The island of Antigua currently has two foreign-owned [[for-profit education|for-profit]] [[offshore medical school]]s, the [[American University of Antigua, College of Medicine|American University of Antigua]] (AUA),<ref>{{cite web |url=http://www.auamed.org/ |title=American University of Antigua, College of Medicine |accessdate=23 August 2007|archiveurl= https://web.archive.org/web/20070822140939/http://www.auamed.org/?|archivedate= 22 August 2007 <!--DASHBot-->|deadurl= no}}</ref> founded in 2004, and The [[University of Health Sciences Antigua]] (UHSA),<ref>{{cite web |url=http://www.uhsa.ag/ |title=University of Health Sciences Antigua |accessdate=23 August 2007}}</ref> founded in 1982. The island's sole medical schools cater mostly to foreign students but contribute tremendously to the local economy and health care and help give the small country international attention.
There is also a government owned state college in Antigua as well as the Antigua and Barbuda Institute of Information Technology (ABIIT) and the Antigua and Barbuda Hospitality Training Institute (ABHTI). The University of the West Indies has a branch in Antigua for locals to continue university studies.
Antigua has two international primary/secondary schools Including CCSET International, which offers the Ontario Secondary School Diploma, and Island Academy, which offers the International Baccalaureate. There are also many other private schools but these institutions tend to follow the same local curriculum (CXCs) as government schools. Both international schools are relatively inexperienced with offering international degrees. CCSET international has existed for several years but only began offering an International Degree in 2007. While CCSET's graduating classes have consistently been awarded the OSSD, this is somewhat controversial because CCSET students receive their diplomas from one of CCSET's (constantly changing) partner schools based in Ontario.