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'''బెలారస్''' లేదా '''బెలారుస్''' (ఆంగ్లం:'''Belarus''') (పాతపేరు: బైలో రష్యా, లేదా బెలో రష్యా) తూర్పు [[యూరప్]] నందులో గలఉన్న ఒక [[భూపరివేష్టిత దేశం]],<ref name="unee">{{Cite web|url=http://unstats.un.org/unsd/methods/m49/m49regin.htm#europe|title=Standard Country and Area Codes Classifications (M49)|accessdate=2007-12-07|publisher=United Nations Organization|year=2007-08-28|author=UN Statistics Division}}</ref> దీని ఉత్తరముఉత్తరసరిహద్దు మరియ్ తూర్పునతూర్పుసరిహద్దులలో [[రష్యా]], దక్షిణానదక్షిణసరిహద్దులో [[ఉక్రెయిన్]], పశ్చిమానపశ్చిమసరిహద్దులో [[పోలాండ్]] మరియు ఉత్తరానేఉత్తరసరిహద్దులో [[లిథువేనియా]] మరియు [[లాత్వియా]] దేశాలు ఎల్లలు లేదా సరిహద్దులు గలిగివున్నవిఉన్నాయి. దీని రాజధాని నగరం మరియు అత్యధిక జనసాంధ్రత కలిగిన దేశం [[మిన్‌స్క్]] నగరం.దేశంలో 40% భూభాగంలో అరణ్యాలు విస్తరించి ఉన్నాయి.<ref>{{cite web| url=http://belstat.gov.by/homep/en/publications/belarus_in_figures/2012/about.php| title=Contents| publisher=Belstat.gov.by| accessdate=4 October 2012| deadurl=yes| archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20130118020305/http://belstat.gov.by/homep/en/publications/belarus_in_figures/2012/about.php| archivedate=18 January 2013| df=dmy-all}}</ref> <ref>
{{cite web
|url=http://hdr.undp.org/en/reports/nationalreports/europethecis/belarus/belarus_2005_en.pdf
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'''Belarus''' ({{IPAc-en|audio=en-us-Belarus.ogg|b|ɛ|l|ə|ˈ|r|uː|s}} {{Respell|be|lə|ROOS}}; {{lang-be|Беларусь|translit=Biełaruś}}; {{IPA-be|bʲɛlaˈrusʲ|IPA}}; {{lang-rus|Беларусь||bʲɪlɐˈrusʲ}}), officially the '''Republic of Belarus''' ({{lang-be|Рэспубліка Беларусь}}; {{lang-rus|Республика Беларусь}}), formerly known by its [[Russian language|Russian]] name '''Byelorussia''' or '''Belorussia''' ({{lang-rus|Белоруссия}}), is a [[landlocked country]] in [[Eastern Europe]]<ref name="unee">{{cite web|url=http://unstats.un.org/unsd/methods/m49/m49regin.htm#europe|title=Standard Country and Area Codes Classifications (M49)|accessdate=22 April 2010|publisher=United Nations Organization|date=1 April 2010|author=UN Statistics Division|archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20100417070721/http://unstats.un.org/unsd/methods/m49/m49regin.htm|archivedate=17 April 2010|deadurl=no}}</ref> bordered by [[Russia]] to the northeast, [[Ukraine]] to the south, [[Poland]] to the west, and [[Lithuania]] and [[Latvia]] to the northwest. Its capital and most populous city is [[Minsk]]. Over 40% of its {{convert|207600|km2}} is forested. Its major economic sectors are service industries and manufacturing.<ref>{{cite web| url=http://belstat.gov.by/homep/en/publications/belarus_in_figures/2012/about.php| title=Contents| publisher=Belstat.gov.by| accessdate=4 October 2012| deadurl=yes| archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20130118020305/http://belstat.gov.by/homep/en/publications/belarus_in_figures/2012/about.php| archivedate=18 January 2013| df=dmy-all}}</ref> Until the 20th century, different states at various times controlled the lands of modern-day Belarus, including the [[Principality of Polotsk]] (11th to 14th centuries), the [[Grand Duchy of Lithuania]], the [[Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth]], and the [[Russian Empire]].
 
Until the 20th century, different states at various times controlled the lands of modern-day Belarus, including the [[Principality of Polotsk]] (11th to 14th centuries), the [[Grand Duchy of Lithuania]], the [[Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth]], and the [[Russian Empire]].
 
In the aftermath of the 1917 [[Russian Revolution]], Belarus declared independence as the [[Belarusian People's Republic]], which was conquered by Soviet Russia. The [[Socialist Soviet Republic of Byelorussia]] became a founding [[Republics of the Soviet Union|constituent republic of the Soviet Union]] in 1922 and was renamed as the [[Byelorussian Soviet Socialist Republic]] (Byelorussian SSR). Belarus lost almost half of its territory to Poland after the [[Polish–Soviet War]] of 1919–1921. Much of the borders of Belarus took their modern shape in 1939, when some lands of the [[Second Polish Republic]] were reintegrated into it after the [[Soviet invasion of Poland]], and were finalized after World War&nbsp;II.<ref name="uni1">{{cite book| url=https://books.google.com/books?id=o85YDMTeMrUC&dq=reunification+of+western+belarus| title=National purpose in the world economy: post-Soviet states in comparative perspective| last=Abdelal| first=Rawi| year=2001| publisher=[[Cornell University Press]]| isbn=978-0-8014-3879-0}}</ref><ref name="uni2">{{cite book| url=https://books.google.com/books?id=wGA4o-UhAfgC&pg=PA713&dq=reunification+of+western+belarus#v=onepage&q=&f=false| title=Europa World Year, Book 1| last=Taylor & Francis Group| year=2004| publisher=[[Routledge|Europa publications]] |isbn= 978-1-85743-254-1}}</ref><ref name="uni3"/> During WWII, military operations devastated Belarus, which lost about a third of its population and more than half of its economic resources.<ref name="axell">{{cite book| last=Axell| first=Albert| title=Russia's Heroes, 1941–45| publisher=Carroll & Graf Publishers| year=2002| page=247| isbn=0-7867-1011-X}}</ref> The republic was redeveloped in the post-war years. In 1945 the Byelorussian SSR became a founding member of the [[United Nations]], along with the Soviet Union and the [[Ukrainian SSR]].<ref>{{cite web|url=https://www.un.org/en/members/growth.shtml |title=United Nations member States – Growth in United Nations membership, 1945–present |publisher= |deadurl=yes |archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20140712192515/http://www.un.org/en/members/growth.shtml |archivedate=12 July 2014 |df= }}</ref>
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