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|[[Brest, Belarus|Brest]] || 25/14 || 83/61 || −0/−5 || 31/23
|}
 
 
==Economy==
[[File:Tree map export 2009 Belarus.jpeg|thumb|upright=1.4|A graphical depiction of Belarus's product exports in 28 colour-coded categories]]
[[File:Belarus - Annual GDP and CPI rates 2001-2013.jpg|thumb|upright=1.4|Belarusian annual GDP and CPI rates 2001–2013]]
{{Main article|Economy of Belarus}}
 
=== Industry ===
In 2014 the share of manufacturing in GDP was 37%, more than two thirds of this amount falls on manufacturing industries. The number of people employed in industry is 32.7% of the working population. The growth rate is much lower than for the economy as a whole – about 1.9% in 2014.
 
At the time of the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991, Belarus was one of the world's most industrially developed states by percentage of GDP as well as the richest CIS member-state.<ref name="wb97">[[World Bank]]. "Belarus: Prices, Markets, and Enterprise Reform," [https://books.google.com/books?id=0jCvjCHPHpcC&pg=PA83&dq=ISBN0821339761#PPA1,M1 p. 1]. World Bank, 1997; {{ISBN|0-8213-3976-1}}</ref>
In 2015, 39.3% of Belarusians were employed by state-controlled companies, 57.2% were employed by private companies (in which the government has a 21.1% stake) and 3.5% were employed by foreign companies.<ref name="econstats">{{cite web|url=http://www.belstat.gov.by/en/ofitsialnaya-statistika/publications/statistical-publications-data-books-bulletins/public_compilation/index_4921/|title=Belarus in Figures, 2016|publisher=}}</ref> The country relies on Russia for various imports, including petroleum.<ref name="natotrade">{{cite web|url=http://www.nato.int/acad/fellow/99-01/martinsen.pdf|title=The Russian-Belarusian Union and the Near Abroad|accessdate=7 November 2007|publisher=NATO|year=2002|author= Kaare Dahl Martinsen|work=Norwegian Institute for Defence Studies|format=PDF| archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20071127003300/http://www.nato.int/acad/fellow/99-01/martinsen.pdf|archivedate=27 November 2007|deadurl=no}}</ref><ref>{{cite news|title=Russia may cut oil supplies to ally Belarus&nbsp;– Putin|date=25 October 2006|agency=Reuters|url=http://uk.reuters.com/article/2006/10/25/energy-russia-belarus-idUKL2556634020061025|accessdate=8 October 2007}}</ref> Important agricultural products include potatoes and cattle byproducts, including meat.<ref name="ciaecon"/> In 1994, Belarus's main exports included heavy machinery (especially [[Belarus (tractor)|tractors]]), agricultural products, and energy products.<ref name="byexports">{{cite web|url=http://countrystudies.us/belarus/36.htm|title=Belarus&nbsp;– Exports|accessdate=4 November 2007|year=1994|author=Library of Congress|work=Country Studies}}</ref>
Economically, Belarus involved itself in the CIS, [[Eurasian Economic Community]], and [[Union State|Union with Russia]].
 
In the 1990s, however, industrial production plunged due to decreases in imports, investment, and demand for Belarusian products from its trading partners.<ref>{{cite web|url=http://countrystudies.us/belarus/30.htm|title=Belarus&nbsp;– Industry|accessdate=8 October 2007|year=1995|work=Country Studies|publisher=Library of Congress}}</ref> GDP only began to rise in 1996;<ref name="bybriefwb06">{{cite web|url=http://lnweb18.worldbank.org/eca/eca.nsf/2656afe00bc5f02185256d5d005dae97/8ec2dc1ef03aed3e85256d5d0067dc90?OpenDocument|title=Belarus&nbsp;– Country Brief 2003|accessdate=9 November 2007|year=2006|author=World Bank|archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20071210182026/http://lnweb18.worldbank.org/ECA/eca.nsf/2656afe00bc5f02185256d5d005dae97/8ec2dc1ef03aed3e85256d5d0067dc90?OpenDocument|archivedate=10 December 2007|deadurl=no}}</ref> the country was the fastest-recovering former Soviet republic in the terms of its economy.<ref>{{cite book|url=https://books.google.com/books?id=bDx0Ak4xnOQC&pg=PA328&dq=Belarus+GDP+1996 |title=Transition: The First Decade}}</ref> In 2006, GDP amounted to {{Nowrap|US$83.1 billion}} in [[purchasing power parity]] (PPP) dollars (estimate), or about $8,100 per capita.<ref name="ciaecon">{{cite web|url=https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/bo.html|title=The World Factbook&nbsp;– Belarus&nbsp;– Economy|accessdate=8 October 2007|year=2006|publisher=Central Intelligence Agency|archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20071009182107/https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/bo.html|archivedate=9 October 2007|deadurl=no}}</ref> In 2005, GDP increased by 9.9%; the inflation rate averaged 9.5%.<ref name="ciaecon"/>
 
In 2006, Belarus's largest trading partner was Russia, accounting for nearly half of total trade, with the European Union the next largest trading partner, with nearly a third of foreign trade.<ref name="tradestats">[http://www.government.by/en/eng_analytics11.html Foreign trade in goods and services in Belarus up by 11.5% in January–October, Council of Ministers] {{webarchive |url=https://web.archive.org/web/20090104060950/http://www.government.by/en/eng_analytics11.html |date=4 January 2009 }}</ref><ref name="eutrade"/> As of 2015, 38% of Belarusian exported goods go to Russia and 56% of imported goods come from Russia.<ref name="econstats"/>
 
Due to its failure to protect labor rights, including passing laws forbidding unemployment or working outside of state-controlled sectors,<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.themoscowtimes.com/news/article/no-job-pay-up-belarus-imposes-fines-for-being-unemployed/518581.html|title=No Job? Pay Up. Belarus Imposes Fines for Being Unemployed – News|work=The Moscow Times}}</ref> Belarus lost its EU [[Generalized System of Preferences]] status on {{Nowrap|21 June}} 2007, which raised tariff rates to their prior [[most favored nation]] levels.<ref name="eutrade">[http://ec.europa.eu/external_relations/belarus/pdf/belarus_trade_en.pdf The EU's Relationship With Belarus&nbsp;– Trade] {{webarchive |url=https://web.archive.org/web/20090325112636/http://ec.europa.eu/external_relations/belarus/pdf/belarus_trade_en.pdf |date=25 March 2009 }}</ref> Belarus applied to become a member of the [[World Trade Organization]] in 1993.<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.wto.org/English/thewto_e/acc_e/a1_belarus_e.htm|title=Accessions – Belarus|publisher=Wto.org|accessdate=29 April 2013}}</ref>
 
The labor force consists of more than four million people, among whom women hold slightly more jobs than men.<ref name="econstats"/> In 2005, nearly a quarter of the population was employed by industrial factories. Employment is also high in agriculture, manufacturing sales, trading goods, and education. The unemployment rate, according to government statistics, was 1.5% in 2005. There were 679,000 unemployed Belarusians, two-thirds of whom were women. The unemployment rate has been in decline since 2003, and the overall rate of employment is the highest since statistics were first compiled in 1995.<ref name="econstats"/>
 
Until 1 July 2016, the currency of Belarus was the [[Belarusian ruble]] (BYR). The currency was introduced in May 1992, replacing the [[Soviet ruble]]. The first coins of the Republic of Belarus were issued on 27 December 1996.<ref>{{cite web|title=Banknotes and Coins of the National Bank of the Republic of Belarus|url=http://www.nbrb.by/engl/CoinsBanknotes/|publisher=National Bank of the Republic of Belarus}}</ref> The ruble was reintroduced with new values in 2000 and has been in use ever since.<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.nbrb.by/engl/CoinsBanknotes|title=History of the Belarusian ruble|publisher=National Bank of the Republic of Belarus|accessdate=29 April 2013}}</ref> As part of the [[Union State|Union of Russia and Belarus]], both states have discussed using a single currency along the same lines as the Euro. This led to a proposal that the Belarusian ruble be discontinued in favor of the [[Russian ruble]] (RUB), starting as early as {{Nowrap|1 January}} 2008. The [[National Bank of the Republic of Belarus|National Bank of Belarus]] abandoned pegging the Belarusian ruble to the Russian ruble in August 2007.<ref>{{cite web|url=http://english.pravda.ru/world/ussr/23-08-2007/96292-belarus_russia-0|title=Belarus abandons pegging its currency to Russian ruble|publisher=English.pravda.ru|date=23 August 2007|accessdate=29 April 2013}}</ref>
 
A new currency, the [[new Belarusian ruble]] ([[ISO 4217]] code: BYN)<ref name="currency-iso.org">{{cite web|url=http://www.currency-iso.org/dam/downloads/dl_currency_iso_amendment_161.docx |format=DOC |title=ISO 4217 AMENDMENT NUMBER 161 |website=Currency-iso.org |accessdate=31 March 2016}}</ref> was introduced in July 2016, replacing the [[Belarusian ruble]] in a rate of 1:10,000 (10,000 old rubles = 1 new ruble). From 1 July until 31 December 2016, the old and new currencies will be in [[parallel circulation]] and series 2000 notes and coins can be exchanged for series 2009 from 1 January 2017 to 31 December 2021.<ref name="currency-iso.org"/> This [[redenomination]] can be considered an effort to fight the high inflation rate.<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.mrik.gov.by/ru/republic-ru/view/mezhdunarodnoe-oboznachenie-belorusskogo-rublja-menjaetsja-na-byn-posle-denominatsii-7686/|title=Международное обозначение белорусского рубля меняется на BYN после деноминации – Новости республики – Минский район-Минск-Новости Минска-Новости Минского района-Минский райисполком|publisher=}}</ref><ref>{{cite web|url=http://kodeksy-by.com/norm_akt/source-%D0%9F%D1%80%D0%B5%D0%B7%D0%B8%D0%B4%D0%B5%D0%BD%D1%82%20%D0%A0%D0%91/type-%D0%A3%D0%BA%D0%B0%D0%B7/450-04.11.2015.htm|title=Указ Президент РБ 450 О проведении деноминации официальной денежной единицы Республики Беларусь от 04.11.2015 – Законодательство Беларуси 2016 год|publisher=}}</ref><ref>{{cite web|url=http://president.gov.by/ru/news_ru/view/kommentarij-k-ukazu-450-ot-4-nojabrja-2015-g-12489/|title=Новости – Официальный интернет-портал Президента Республики Беларусь|publisher=}}</ref>
 
The banking system of Belarus consists of two level: Central Bank (National Bank of the Republic of Belarus) and 25 commercial banks.<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.heritage.org/research/features/index/country.cfm?id=Belarus|title=Heritage Foundation's Index of Economic Freedom&nbsp;– Belarus|accessdate=18 March 2007|archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20070223175533/http://www.heritage.org/research/features/index/country.cfm?id=Belarus|archivedate=23 February 2007|deadurl=yes|df=dmy-all}}</ref> On 23 May 2011, the Belarusian ruble depreciated 56% against the United States dollar. The depreciation was even steeper on the black market and financial collapse seemed imminent as citizens rushed to exchange their rubles for dollars, euros, durable goods, and canned goods.<ref>{{cite web|author=YURAS KARMANAU|url=http://seattletimes.com/html/businesstechnology/2015143616_apeubelaruscrisis.html|title=Belarus devaluation spreads panic|publisher=Seattle Times|date=25 May 2011|accessdate=27 May 2011}}</ref> On 1 June 2011, Belarus requested an economic rescue package from the [[International Monetary Fund]].<ref>[http://www.stalbertgazette.com/article/GB/20110601/CP01/306019917/-1/sag08/with-economy-in-tatters-belarus-appeals-to-imf-for-rescue-loan-of-up&template=cpArt With economy in tatters, Belarus appeals to IMF for rescue loan of up to $8&nbsp;billion] {{webarchive|url=https://web.archive.org/web/20140114172921/http://www.stalbertgazette.com/article/GB/20110601/CP01/306019917/-1/sag08/with-economy-in-tatters-belarus-appeals-to-imf-for-rescue-loan-of-up%26template%3DcpArt |date=14 January 2014 }}, Associated Press, 1 June 2011; retrieved 2 June 2011</ref><ref>[https://news.yahoo.com/belarus-appeals-imf-8bln-rescue-loan-161455781.html Belarus Appeals To IMF For $8bln Rescue Loan.] {{webarchive|url=https://web.archive.org/web/20160307072633/http://news.yahoo.com/belarus-appeals-imf-8bln-rescue-loan-161455781.html |date=7 March 2016 }} Associated Press, 1 June 2011; retrieved 2 June 2011</ref>
<gallery>
Belarus 952.3 Tractor in Bucharest 2011.jpg|''[[Belarus (tractor)|Belarus]]'' tractor
BelAZ 75600.JPG|[[BelAZ]]75600
MOAZ-6014 Scraper in Technical museum Togliatti.JPG|
</gallery>
 
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