"ఐర్లాండ్" కూర్పుల మధ్య తేడాలు

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==గణాంకాలు ==
==Demographics==
 
{{Main article|Irish people|Demographics of the Republic of Ireland|Demography of Northern Ireland}}
[[File:Population density of Ireland map2002.svg|thumb|upright=1.6|A [[Population density]] map of Ireland 2002 showing the heavily weighted eastern seaboard and Ulster]]
[[File:Catholicism in Ireland.png|thumb|upright=1.6|Proportion of respondents to the Ireland census 2011 or the Northern Ireland census 2011 who stated they were Catholic. Areas in which Catholics are in the majority are blue. Areas in which Catholics are in a minority are red.]]
The population of Ireland rose rapidly from the 16th century until the mid-19th century, interrupted briefly by the [[Irish Famine (1740–41)|Famine of 1740-41]], which killed roughly two fifths of the island's population. The population rebounded and multiplied over the next century, but another devastating [[Great Famine (Ireland)|famine]] in the 1840s caused one million deaths and forced over one million more to emigrate in its immediate wake. Over the following century the population was reduced by over half, at a time when the general trend in European countries was for populations to rise by an average of three-fold.
 
===విభాగాలు మరియు స్థావరాలు ===
===Divisions and settlements===
{{Further information|Provinces of Ireland|Counties of Ireland|City status in Ireland}}
 
Traditionally, Ireland is subdivided into [[Provinces of Ireland|four provinces]]: [[Connacht]] (west), [[Leinster]] (east), [[Munster]] (south), and [[Ulster]] (north). In a system that developed between the 13th and 17th centuries,<ref>{{Cite book |last=Crawford |first=John |title=Anglicizing the Government of Ireland: The Irish Privy Council and the Expansion of Tudor Rule 1556–1578 |publisher=Irish Academic Press |date=1993 |isbn=0-7165-2498-8}}</ref> Ireland has [[Counties of Ireland|32 traditional counties]]. Twenty-six of these counties are in the Republic of Ireland and [[Counties of Northern Ireland|six are in Northern Ireland]]. The six counties that constitute Northern Ireland are all in the province of Ulster (which has nine counties in total). As such, ''Ulster'' is often used as a synonym for Northern Ireland, although the two are not coterminous.
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===Migrationవలసలు ===
[[File:Population of Ireland since 1500.png|thumb|upright=1.5|The population of Ireland since 1603 showing the consequence of the [[Great Famine (Ireland)|Great Famine (1845–52)]] (Note: figures before 1841 are contemporary estimates)]]
 
The [[Republic of Ireland]] in particular has seen large-scale immigration, with 420,000 foreign nationals as of 2006, about 10% of the population.<ref name=autogenerated1>{{cite news |last=Seaver |first=Michael |title=Ireland Steps Up as Immigration Leader |work=[[The Christian Science Monitor]] |date=5 September 2007 |url= http://www.csmonitor.com/2007/0905/p06s02-woeu.html |access-date=30 December 2009}}</ref> A quarter of births (24 percent) in 2009 were to mothers born outside Ireland.<ref>{{Cite news |title=24% of boom births to 'new Irish' |work=[[Irish Examiner]] |date=28 June 2011 |url= http://www.irishexaminer.com/breakingnews/ireland/24-of-boom-births-to-new-irish-510651.html}}</ref> [[Overseas Chinese|Chinese]] and [[Nigerian]]s, along with people from other African countries, have accounted for a large proportion of the non–[[European Union]] migrants to Ireland. Up to 50,000 eastern and central European migrant workers left Ireland in response to the Irish financial crisis.<ref name="affluenceends">{{Cite news |last=Henry |first=McDonald |title=Ireland's Age of Affluence Comes to an End |work=The Guardian |date=5 April 2009 |url= https://www.theguardian.com/world/2009/apr/05/ireland-economy-vat-unemployment |access-date=30 December 2009 |location=London}}</ref>
 
===Languagesభాషలు ===
 
{{main article|Languages of Ireland}}
[[File:Irish speakers in 2011.png|thumb|upright=1.15|Proportion of respondents who said they could speak Irish in the Ireland census in 2011 or the Northern Ireland census in 2011]]
The two official languages of the Republic of Ireland are [[Irish language|Irish]] and [[Hiberno-English|English]]. Each language has produced a noteworthy literature. Irish, though now only the language of a minority, was the vernacular of the Irish people for over two thousand years and was possibly introduced during the [[Iron Age]]. It began to be written down after Christianisation in the 5th century and spread to Scotland and the Isle of Man where it evolved into the [[Scottish Gaelic]] and [[Manx Language|Manx]] languages respectively.
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