"ప్రణబ్ ముఖర్జీ" కూర్పుల మధ్య తేడాలు

సవరణ సారాంశం లేదు
2012 లలో రాష్ట్రపతి ఎన్నికలలో అభ్యర్థిగా ఎంపిక కావడంతో క్రియాశీల రాజకీయాలకు దూరంగా ఉండేందుకు క్రియాశీల రాజకీయాల నుండి తప్పుకొన్నాడు. భారత జాతీయ కాంగ్రెస్ నుండి పదవీ విరమణ చేసాడు. <ref name="TET">{{cite news|url=http://articles.economictimes.indiatimes.com/2012-07-04/news/32537092_1_indira-gandhi-rajiv-gandhi-rahul-gandhi|title=Pranab Mukherjee’s exit from party politics is a loss and an opportunity|date=4 July 2012|work=The Economic Times|accessdate=13 July 2012|location=India}}</ref> ఆర్థికశాఖ మంత్రిపదవిని నిర్వహిస్తూ ఆ పదవికి రాజీనామా చేసి అధికారపార్టీ తరఫున దేశ అత్యున్నత పదవి అయిన రాష్ట్రపతి పదవికి పోటీచేసి విజయం సాధించారు. 2012 జూలై 25న 13వ రాష్ట్రపతిగా పదవిని అలంకరించాడు.
 
=== రాజకీయ పార్టీ పాత్ర ===
=== Political party role ===
Pranab Mukherjee is "very well respected within the party social circles."<ref>{{cite news|url=http://servihoo.com/Aujourdhui/kinews/afp_details.php?id=140225&CategoryID=74|title=India's new foreign minister Mukherjee: a respected party veteran|date=24 October 2006|accessdate=9 April 2007|agency=Agence France-Presse}}</ref> Media accounts describe him as having "a reputation as a number-crunching politician with a phenomenal memory and an unerring survival instinct."<ref name="bbc">{{cite news|url=http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/south_asia/6079438.stm|title=India gets new foreign minister|date=4 October 2006|publisher=BBC News|accessdate=9 April 2007}}</ref>
 
Mukherjee's political skills and long experience in government have also led him to heading a large number of committees of Ministers in the government, a device that has been employed to obtain consensus within the members of the governing coalition on contentious issues. At the time of his resignation on being nominated as the UPA's presidential candidate, Mukherjee was heading several Groups of Ministers(GoMs) and Empowered Groups of Ministers (EGoMs).<ref>{{cite web|url=http://cabsec.nic.in/|title=Cabinet Secretariat, Government of India|accessdate=1 May 2012}}</ref>
 
== ప్రభుత్వ కార్యాలయాలు ==
== Government offices ==
 
=== రక్షణ మంత్రి ===
=== Defence Minister ===
[[దస్త్రం:Pranab_Mukherhee_escorts_Donald_H._Rumsfeld.jpg|కుడి|thumb|Defence Minister Mukherjee escorts Secretary of Defense Donald H. Rumsfeld as he arrives at the South Block building in New Delhi, 2004.]]
Dr. Manmohan Singh appointed Mukherjee as the [[Minister of Defence (India)|Minister of Defence]] of India when the Congress came to power in 2004. Mukherjee held the post until 2006. He expanded co-operation with the United States during his tenure. ''[[The Times of India]]'' reported on the [[Wikileaks cables]] release and noted how " [[United States]] is full of praise for the "uniformed leadership" of [[Indian armed forces]], especially [[Indian navy|Navy]], as well as ministers like Mukherjee." Mukherjee in June 2005 had inked the 10-year Indo-US Defence Framework deal.<ref name="TOI">{{cite news|url=http://articles.timesofindia.indiatimes.com/2011-09-06/india/30118195_1_logistics-support-agreement-communication-interoperability-geo-spatial-cooperation|title=US preferred Pranab Mukherjee over AK Antony as defence minister|date=6 September 2011|work=Times of India|accessdate=12 July 2012}}</ref>
Russia held the first joint anti-terror war games with India in [[Rajasthan]] in October 2005, during which Mukherjee and Russian Defence Minister Sergei Ivanov narrowly escaped injury after a heavy mortar landed several metres from their platform.<ref name="SW">{{cite web|url=http://www.spacewar.com/news/india-05zzs.html|title=Russia Hails Defence Cooperation With India|date=15 November 2005|accessdate=9 August 2012|publisher=Spacewar}}</ref> The Russian ministry subsequently declared its hopes to follow up joint military exercises in India with further joint exercises on Russian territory.<ref name="SW" />
 
=== విదేశీ వ్యవహారాల మంత్రి ===
=== Foreign Minister ===
[[దస్త్రం:Bush_meets_Pranab_Mukherjee.jpg|ఎడమ|thumb|Foreign Minister Pranab Mukherjee with US President [[George W. Bush]] in 2008.]]
[[దస్త్రం:Rice-Mukherjee_sign_US-India_Civilian_Nuclear_Cooperation_Agreement.jpg|కుడి|thumb|Foreign Minister Pranab Mukherjee with Secretary [[Condoleezza Rice]] after signing the [[India–United States Civil Nuclear Agreement]].]]
When asked what legacy he wanted to leave behind as Foreign Minister of India, Mukherjee replied, "As the [man] who prepared Indian diplomacy to address the challenges of a more globalised, interdependent and uncertain world."<ref name="IT2" />
 
=== వాణిజ్య మంత్రి ===
=== Commerce Minister ===
Mukherjee has thrice served as Commerce Minister of India. His first stints were in the Indira Gandhi government from 1980–82 and again in 1984.<ref name="GOVT3" /> His third stint in the 1990s saw him contribute significantly to the negotiations leading to the establishment of the [[World Trade Organisation]].<ref name="IE22" />
 
=== ఆర్థిక మంత్రి ===
=== Finance Minister ===
[[దస్త్రం:Indian_Finance_Minister_Pranab_Mukherjee_with_US_Secretary_of_State_Hillary_Clinton.jpg|ఎడమ|thumb|Finance Minister Pranab Mukherjee with United States Secretary of State [[Hillary Clinton]] at Washington, D.C. in 2011]]
Pranab Mukherjee's first stint as the Finance minister of India was during the [[Indira Gandhi]] government in 1982. He presented his first annual budget in 1982–83. Mukherjee's first term was noted for his work in improving the finances of the government and for successfully returning the last instalment of India's first IMF loan.<ref name="Baru2" /> Mukherjee signed the letter appointing Manmohan Singh as the Governor of the [[Reserve Bank of India]] in 1982.<ref name="Footsteps of Pranab2" /> Mukherjee was accused of patronage practices in the [[Dhirubhai Ambani|Ambani]]–[[Nusli Wadia|Wadia]] industrial feuds.<ref name="Aggarwal 1990">{{Cite book|url=https://books.google.com/?id=m0ZUwtiTCKYC&dq=Investigative+journalism+in+India|title=The Investigative journalism in India|last=Aggarwal|first=S. K.|publisher=Mittal Publications|year=1990|isbn=978-81-7099-224-0|postscript=<!-- Bot inserted parameter. Either remove it; or change its value to "." for the cite to end in a ".", as necessary. -->{{inconsistent citations}}|accessdate=10 October 2011}}</ref>
The final years of Mukherjee in the finance ministry were not considered a success. The [[NDTV]] upon his resignation as Finance Minister in June 2012 wrote: "There [had] been a clamour from many quarters for a change in the Finance Ministry, with Mr Mukherjee having faced flak for several decisions where politics seemed to overwhelm economic imperatives."<ref name="NDTV2">{{cite web|url=http://www.ndtv.com/article/india/pranab-mukherjee-resigns-as-finance-minister-pm-to-take-additional-charge-say-sources-236331|title=Pranab Mukherjee resigns as Finance Minister; PM to take additional charge, say sources|date=26 June 2012|accessdate=13 July 2012|publisher=NDTV}}</ref>
 
=== ఇతర స్థానాలు ===
=== Other positions ===
Mukherjee was chairman of the [[Indian Statistical Institute]] in [[Kolkata]]. He is also the former chairman and president of the [[Rabindra Bharati University]] and the [[Nikhil Bharat Banga Sahitya Sammelan]], as well as a former trustee of the [[Bangiya Sahitya Parishad]] and the Bidhan Memorial Trust. He has served on the Planning Board of the [[Asiatic Society]].<ref name="GOVT3" />
 
== భారత రాష్ట్రపతి ==
== President of India ==
{{Infobox President styles|image=[[File:Emblem of India.svg|75px]]|name=Pranab Mukherjee|dipstyle=Hon'ble President<ref name="'His Excellency' to Go: Prez Approves New Protocol">{{cite news|title='His Excellency' to Go: Prez Approves New Protocol|url=http://news.outlookindia.com/items.aspx?artid=777709|accessdate=9 October 2012|newspaper=Outlook India|date=9 October 2012|deadurl=yes|archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20121009213238/http://news.outlookindia.com/items.aspx?artid=777709|archivedate=9 October 2012|df=dmy-all}}</ref> Shri Pranab Mukherjee (within India)|offstyle=President Mukherjee|altstyle=Mister President}}{{See also|Indian presidential election, 2012}}
[[దస్త్రం:President_Obama_and_the_First_Lady_with_Indian_President_Mukherjee_and_Vice-President_Ansari.jpg|ఎడమ|thumb|President Mukherjee with [[President of the United States|President]] [[Barack Obama]] with First Lady [[Michelle Obama]] and Vice-President [[Mohammad Hamid Ansari|Mohammad Ansari]].]]
Mukherjee was nominated as the presidential candidate of the [[United Progressive Alliance]] on 15 June 2012 after considerable political intrigue.<ref>{{cite web|url=http://ibnlive.in.com/news/pranab-nominated-after-mulayamsonia-secret-meet/266362-37-64.html|title=Pranab nominated after Mulayam-Sonia secret meet|accessdate=4 July 2012|last=Prabhu|first=Chawla}}</ref><ref>{{cite web|url=http://in.news.yahoo.com/hunt-begins-for-head-of-state.html|title=Hunt begins for head of state|date=3 January 2012|accessdate=29 June 2015|work=Yahoo News India|archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20141025031731/https://in.news.yahoo.com/hunt-begins-for-head-of-state.html|archivedate=25 October 2014|deadurl=yes|df=dmy-all}}</ref> The elections were scheduled to be conducted on 19 July 2012 and the results were expected to be announced on 22 July 2012. As many as 81 other candidates had filed nominations but the Election Commission rejected all except that of [[P. A. Sangma]], the nominee of the [[National Democratic Alliance (India)|National Democratic Alliance]] (NDA).<ref>{{cite news|url=http://www.dnaindia.com/india/report_pranab-mukherjee-sangma-final-candidates-for-prez-polls_1710719|title=Pranab Mukherjee, Sangma final candidates for Prez polls|date=4 July 2012|newspaper=Daily News and Analysis|accessdate=4 July 2012}}</ref>{{failed verification|date=December 2014}} In order to file his nomination for the presidential poll on 28 June, Mukherjee had resigned from the government on 26 June 2012.<ref name="NDTV2" />
* ఆల్ ఇండియా కాంగ్రెస్ కమిటీ కోశాధికారి 1978–79
* రాజ్యసభ నాయకుడు 1980–85
* కామర్స్వాణిజ్య , ఉక్కు మరియు గనుల శాఖ - కేంద్రమంత్రిగా 1980–1982
* ఆర్థిక శాఖ - కేంద్ర మంత్రిగా - 1982–1984
* అంతర్జాతీయ ద్రవ్య నిధి గవర్నర్ల బోర్డు - 1982–1985
* ఆసియన్ డెవలప్‌మెంటు బ్యాంకు గవర్నర్ల బోర్డు -1982–1984
* ఆఫ్రికన్ డెవలప్‌మెంటు బ్యాంకు గవర్నర్ల బోర్డు - 1982–1985
* కామర్స్వాణిజ్య మరియు సప్లయ్ - కేంద్ర మంత్రిగా 1984
* చైర్మన్: కాంగ్రెస్ ఐ ప్రచార కమిటీ - 1984, 1991,1996 మరియు 1998 లలో పార్లమెంటు జాతీయ ఎన్నికలకు.
* గ్రూపు ఆఫ్ 24 కు చైర్మన్ ( ఐ.ఎం.ఎఫ్, ప్రపంచ బ్యాంకు కు సంబంధించిన మంత్రుల వర్గం)1984 మరియు 2009–2012
* ఎ.ఐ.సి.సి. ఎకానమీ అడ్వయిజరీ సెల్ కు చైర్మన్ 1987–1989
* డిప్యూటీ చైర్మన్ - ప్లానింగ్ కమీషన్ 1991–1996
* కామర్స్వాణిజ్య శాఖ - కేంద్రమంత్రిగా 1993–1995
* విదేశీ వ్యవహారాల శాఖ _ కేంద్ర మంత్రిగా 1995–1996
* సార్క్ కౌన్సిల్ ఆఫ్ మినిస్టర్స్ కు అధ్యక్షుడు 1995
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