"గుల్జారీలాల్ నందా" కూర్పుల మధ్య తేడాలు

సవరణ సారాంశం లేదు
 
[[బొమ్మ:nanda.jpg|thumb|right|175px|గుర్జారీలాల్ నందా]]
'''గుర్జారీలాల్ నందా''' ([[జూలై 4]], [[1898]] - [[జనవరి 15]], [[1998]]) <ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.rediff.com/news/1998/jan/15nan.htm|title=Rediff On The NeT: Former PM Gulzarilal Nanda dead|date=|accessdate=2015-05-25|publisher=Rediff.com}}</ref><ref>[httpshttp://bookspmindia.googlenic.comin/books?id=NrctDwAAQBAJ&pg=SL2-PA90&dq=Gulzarilal+Nanda+15+jan+1998&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwjxt-jhh87WAhVREVAKHaLoAqIQ6AEIHTAA#v=onepage&q=Gulzarilal%20Nanda%2015%20jan%201998&f=falsepastpm.php ProfileFormer PMs of Gulzarilal NandaIndia] {{webarchive|url=https://web.archive.org/web/20140625084219/http://pmindia.nic.in/pastpm.php|date=25 June 2014}}</ref>భారత జాతీయ రాజకీయనాయకుడు మరియు ఆర్థికవేత్త. అతను కార్మిక సమస్యలపై ప్రత్యేకతను సంతరించుకున్న వ్యక్తి. ఈయన రెండు పర్యాయములు భారతదేశ తాత్కాలిక ప్రధానమంత్రిగా వ్యవహరించాడు. తొలి సారి 1964లో [[జవహర్ లాల్ నెహ్రూ]] మరణం తరువాత, రెండవ సారి 1966లో [[లాల్ బహుదూర్ శాస్త్రి]] మరణం తర్వాత ఈ పదవిని అలంకరించాడు. రెండు సందర్భములలో ఇతను నెల రోజుల లోపే, [[భారత జాతీయ కాంగ్రేసు]] కొత్త నేత ఎన్నికయ్యేవరకు పరిపాలన చేశాడు. [[1997]]లో ఈయనకు [[భారత రత్న]] పురస్కారం లభించింది.
 
== ప్రారంభ జీవితం ==
 
=== జననం ===
నందా [[1898]] [[జూలై 4]]<nowiki/>న బ్రిటిష్ ఇండియాలో అవిభాజ్యిత పంజాబ్ ప్రాంతములోని సియాల్‌కోట్ (ప్రస్తుతము పంజాబ్ (పాకిస్తాన్)లో ఉన్నది) పంజాబీ హిందూ కుటుంబంలో జన్మించాడు. అతను [[లాహోర్]], [[అమృత్‌సర్]], [[ఆగ్రా]] మరియు [[అలహాబాద్]] లలో విద్యాభ్యాసం చేసాడు.
 
=== పరిశోధనా కార్యకర్త ===
అతను 1920-1921 వరకు ఈయన అలహాబాద్ విశ్వవిద్యాలయములో కార్మిక సమస్యలపై పరిశోధన చేశాడు. 1921 లో [[బొంబాయి]]లోని నేషనల్ కాలేజీలో ఆచార్య పదవి పొందాడు. అదే సంవత్సరము బ్రిటిష్ రాజ్ కు వ్యతిరేకంగా జరిగిన సహాయనిరాకరణోద్యమములో పాల్గొన్నాడు. 1922లో అహమ్మదాబాద్ టెక్స్‌టైల్ కార్మిక సంఘము కార్యదర్శిగా చేరి 1946 వరకు అందులోనే కొనసాగాడు. 1932లో సత్యాగ్రహము చేసి [[జైలు]] కెళ్లాడు. మరలా 1942 నుండి 1944 వరకు జైలులో గడిపాడు. అతను 407/2000 సంఖ్యతో 1860 సొసైటీ చట్టం పరిధిలో రిజిస్టరు కాబడిన "అలహాబాదు విశ్వవిద్యాలయ పూర్వ విద్యార్థుల అసోసియేషన్" విడుదలచేసిన 42 సభ్యుల జాబితాలో "గర్వపడవలసిన పూర్వ విద్యార్థి" గా గౌరవింపబడ్డాడు.<ref>[https{{cite web|url=http://archivewww.is/20120707073335/http:iloveindia.com/indian-heroes/auaagulzarilal-nanda.in/?page_idhtml|title=31Gulzarilal "SheNanda isBiography Proud- PastGulzarilal AlumniNanda AllahabadProfile, University"]Childhood, Life, Timeline|date=1998-01-15|accessdate=2015-05-25|publisher=Iloveindia.com}}</ref><ref>[https://webwww.archivewashingtonpost.orgcom/webarchive/20081011000917local/http:1998/01/www.auaa.in18/deaths/3c6cae5b-af47-4075-a8b6-a3ce7c65702f/proudpast.html " Internet Archive of Proud Past Alumni"]</ref><ref>[https://archive.is/20120707073335/http://auaa.in/?page_id=31 "" Internet Archive of Proud Past Alumni"]</ref>
 
అతని వివాహం లక్ష్మీ తో జరిగింది. వారికి ఇద్దరు కూమరులు ఒక కుమార్తె. <ref>{{cite book|url=https://books.google.com/books?id=KuhcRfddkQMC&pg=PR16&lpg=PR16&dq=Gulzarilal+Nanda+laxmi&source=bl&ots=tLkgplfIoi&sig=Zd94Jjukpsfnj8nrOhJlJ5JGT1M&hl=en&sa=X&ei=KYv8U7bVGMOGuASv0IGgBw&ved=0CEcQ6AEwCg#v=onepage&q=Gulzarilal%20Nanda%20laxmi&f=false|title=Gulzarilal Nanda: A Life in the Service of the People|first1=Promilla|date=1997|publisher=Allied Publishers|page=xvi|accessdate=26 August 2014|last1=Kalhan}}</ref>
 
== Members of Assembly and Parliament ==
== మూలాలు ==
{{unreferenced section|date=August 2012}}
 
=== British Raj ===
In the British Raj, Nanda was elected to the Bombay Legislative Assembly in 1937, and served as parliamentary secretary (for Labor and Excise) to the Government of Bombay from 1937 to 1939. As Labour Minister of the Bombay Government during 1946–50, he successfully piloted the Labor Disputes Bill in the state assembly. He served as a Trustee of the Kasturba Memorial Trust. (Kasturba was the wife of [[Mahatma Gandhi]].) He served as secretary of the Hindustan Mazdoor Sevak Sangh (Indian Labor Welfare Organization), and Chairman of the Bombay Housing Board. He was a member of the National Planning Committee. He was largely instrumental in organising the [[Indian National Trade Union Congress]], and later became its president.
 
In 1947, Nanda went to [[Geneva]], Switzerland as a government delegate to the International Labor Conference. He worked on The Freedom of Association Committee of the Conference, and visited Sweden, France, Switzerland, Belgium, and the UK to study labour and housing conditions in those countries.
 
=== Indian Planning Commission ===
In March 1950, Nanda joined the Indian Planning Commission as its vice-chairman. In September 1951, he was appointed Planning Minister in the Indian Government. He was also given charge of the portfolios of Irrigation and Power. He was elected to the [[Lok Sabha]] from Bombay in the general elections of 1952, and was reappointed Minister for Planning, Irrigation, and Power. He led the Indian Delegation to the Plan Consultative Committee held in [[Singapore]] in 1955, and the International Labor Conference held in Geneva in 1959.
 
=== Lok Sabha member ===
Nanda was elected to the Lok Sabha in the 1957 elections, and was appointed Union Minister for Labour, Employment and Planning, and later, as Deputy Chairman of the Planning Commission. He visited the [[Federal Republic of Germany]], [[Yugoslavia]], and Austria in 1959.
 
Nanda was re-elected to the Lok Sabha in the 1962 elections from the [[Sabarkantha]] constituency in [[Gujarat]]. He initiated the Congress Forum for Socialist Action in 1962. He was Union Minister for Labour and Employment during 1962 – 1963, and [[Minister for Home Affairs]] during 1963 – 1966.
 
Nanda was re-elected to the Lok Sabha in the 1967 and 1971 elections from the [[ Kaithal (Lok Sabha Constituency)]] in [[Haryana]].He was Union [[Minister of Railways (India)|Minister for Railways]] 1970 – 1971<ref name="5-ls">{{cite web|url=http://164.100.47.194/Loksabha/Members/statedetailar.aspx?state_name=Haryana&lsno=4|title=Fifth Lok Sabha -State wise Details - Haryana|accessdate=22 December 2017}}</ref>
 
== Interim Prime Minister ==
Nanda was the [[Prime Minister of India]] twice for thirteen days each: the first time after the death of Prime Minister [[Jawaharlal Nehru]] in 1964, and the second time after the death of Prime Minister [[Lal Bahadur Shastri]] in 1966.<ref>[http://pmindia.nic.in/pastpm.php Former PMs of India] {{webarchive|url=https://web.archive.org/web/20140625084219/http://pmindia.nic.in/pastpm.php|date=25 June 2014}}</ref> Both his terms were uneventful, yet they came at sensitive times because of the potential danger to the country following Nehru's death soon after a war with China in 1962 and Shastri's death after a war with Pakistan in 1965.<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.iloveindia.com/indian-heroes/gulzarilal-nanda.html|title=Gulzarilal Nanda Biography - Gulzarilal Nanda Profile, Childhood, Life, Timeline|date=1998-01-15|accessdate=2015-05-25|publisher=Iloveindia.com}}</ref> Nanda died on 15 January 1998 at the age of 99.<ref>https://www.washingtonpost.com/archive/local/1998/01/18/deaths/3c6cae5b-af47-4075-a8b6-a3ce7c65702f/</ref> From 25 November 1997, when former [[Malawi]] [[List of heads of state of Malawi|President]] [[Hastings Banda]] died until his own death, Nanda was the world's oldest living former head of state.
 
== References ==
{{reflist}}
 
== Further reading ==
 
* {{cite book|url=https://books.google.com/books?id=KuhcRfddkQMC&pg=PR16&lpg=PR16&dq=Gulzarilal+Nanda+laxmi&source=bl&ots=tLkgplfIoi&sig=Zd94Jjukpsfnj8nrOhJlJ5JGT1M&hl=en&sa=X&ei=KYv8U7bVGMOGuASv0IGgBw&ved=0CEcQ6AEwCg#v=onepage&q=Gulzarilal%20Nanda%20laxmi&f=false|title=Gulzarilal Nanda: A Life in the Service of the People|first1=Promilla|date=1997|publisher=Allied Publishers|last1=Kalhan}}
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{{s-bef|before=[[Lal Bahadur Shastri]]}}
{{s-ttl|title=[[Minister for Home Affairs (India)|Minister of Home Affairs]]|years=1963–1966}}
{{s-aft|after=[[Yashwantrao Chavan]]}}
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{{s-bef|rows=3|before=[[Jawaharlal Nehru]]}}
{{s-ttl|title=[[Prime Minister of India]]<br/><small>Acting</small>|years=1964}}
{{s-aft|rows=3|after=[[Lal Bahadur Shastri]]}}
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{{s-ttl|title=Chairperson of the [[Planning Commission (India)|Planning Commission]]<br/><small>Acting</small>|years=1964}}
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{{s-ttl|title=[[Minister of External Affairs (India)|Minister of External Affairs]]|years=1964}}
|-
{{s-bef|rows=2|before=[[Lal Bahadur Shastri]]}}
{{s-ttl|title=[[Prime Minister of India]]<br/><small>Acting</small>|years=1966}}
{{s-aft|rows=2|after=[[Indira Gandhi]]}}
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{{s-ttl|title=Chairperson of the [[Planning Commission (India)|Planning Commission]]<br/><small>Acting</small>|years=1966}}
{{s-end}}
{{మూలాలజాబితా}}
 
{{భారత ప్రధానమంత్రులు}}
{{భారతరత్న గ్రహీతలు}}{{Authority control}}
 
[[వర్గం:1898 జననాలు]]
[[వర్గం:1998 మరణాలు]]
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