[[File:Jose malhoa fado.jpg|thumb|left|200px|[[Fado]], depicted in this famous painting (c. 1910) by [[José Malhoa]], is Portugal's traditional music.]]
[[Music of Portugal|Portuguese music]] encompasses a wide variety of genres. The traditional one is the Portuguese folk music which has deep roots in local costumes having as instruments bagpipes, drums, flutes, tambourines, accordions and small guitars (''cavaquinho''). Apart Portuguese folk music other renowned genre is [[Fado]], a melancholic urban music originated in [[Lisbon]] in the 19th century, probably inside bohemian environments, usually associated with the [[Portuguese guitar]] and ''saudade'', or longing. [[Coimbra fado]], a unique type of "[[troubadour]] serenading" fado, is also noteworthy. Internationally notable performers include [[Amália Rodrigues]], [[Carlos Paredes]], [[José Afonso]], [[Mariza]], [[Carlos do Carmo]], [[António Chainho]], [[Mísia]], and [[Madredeus]].
In the classical music domain, Portugal is represented by names as the pianists [[Artur Pizarro]], [[Maria João Pires]], [[Sequeira Costa]], the violinists Carlos Damas, [[Gerardo Ribeiro]] and in the past by the great cellist [[Guilhermina Suggia]]. Notable composers include [[José Vianna da Motta]], [[Carlos Seixas]], [[João Domingos Bomtempo]], [[João de Sousa Carvalho]], [[Luís de Freitas Branco]] and his student [[Joly Braga Santos]], [[Fernando Lopes-Graça]], [[Emmanuel Nunes]] and [[Sérgio Azevedo]]. Similarly, contemporary composers such as Nuno Malo and Miguel d'Oliveira have achieved some international success writing.
[[File:AmaliaRodrigues1969 (cropped).jpg|thumb|[[Amália Rodrigues]], known as the ''Queen of [[Fado]]'', performing in 1969.]]
In addition to [[Folk music|Folk]], Fado and Classical music, other genres are present at Portugal like pop and other types of modern music, particularly from North America and the United Kingdom, as well as a wide range of Portuguese, Caribbean, Lusophone African and Brazilian artists and bands. Artists with international recognition include [[Dulce Pontes]], [[Moonspell]], [[Buraka Som Sistema]], [[Blasted Mechanism]], [[David Carreira]] and [[The Gift (band)|The Gift]], with the three latter being nominees for a [[MTV Europe Music Award]].