Difference between revisions of "2019 భారత సార్వత్రిక ఎన్నికలు"

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[[File:Indian General Election 2019 by alliance.svg|lang=te|కూటమి ప్రాతిపదికన ఫలితాలు|thumb|upright=1.35]]
 
[[భారతీయ జనతా పార్టీ]] నాయకత్వంలోని [[జాతీయ ప్రజాస్వామ్య కూటమి]] ఎన్నికలలో స్పష్టమైన ఆధిక్యతతో గెలిచింది. భాజాపా ఏకపక్షంగా లోకసభలో 303 స్థానాలు ఊహించినదానికంటే ఎక్కువగా గెలిచి,భాగస్వామ్య పక్షాలతో కూడిన ఎన్డిఎ 353 స్థానాలు గెలిచింది. <ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.eci.gov.in/|title=Election Commission of India|website=eci.gov.in}}</ref> గెలవటానికి కారణాలుగా నరేంద్ర మోడీ వ్యక్తిగత ఆదరణ, బిజేపీ ప్రోద్బలంతో ఎక్కువశాతం పోలింగ్ జరగడం, ఫుల్వామా దాడి తదుపరి ఉవ్వెత్తున వీచిన జాతీయతావాదం, సామాజిక సంక్షేమాల పధకాల సమర్ధవంతంగా నిర్వహించడం లాంటివి. <ref>https://www.hindustantimes.com/lok-sabha-elections/bjp-cements-its-position-as-central-pole-of-indian-polity/story-kPMHLAIt3d2jX0GXc67DAJ.html</ref>
The [[Bharatiya Janata Party]]-led [[National Democratic Alliance (India)|NDA]] won the elections with the BJP itself winning a clear [[majority]]. The BJP become the single largest party in the House and surpassed expectations to win 303 seats, with its alliance partners bringing the NDA to a total of 353 seats.<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.eci.gov.in/|title=Election Commission of India|website=eci.gov.in}}</ref> Reasons attributed to the victory included the personal popularity of [[Narendra Modi]], effective voter turnout drives by the NDA, a surge in public nationalism following the [[Pulwama attack]], the consolidation of Hindu voters in a multi-caste coalition and the successful implementation of social welfare programmes during the [[First Modi ministry]]'s term.<ref>https://www.hindustantimes.com/lok-sabha-elections/bjp-cements-its-position-as-central-pole-of-indian-polity/story-kPMHLAIt3d2jX0GXc67DAJ.html</ref>
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The [[Vote counting|counting of votes]] was held on 23 May 2019, and was completed early the following day.<ref name=":02">{{cite web|url=http://results.eci.gov.in/pc/en/partywise/index.htm|title=General Election 2019 - Election Commission of India|website=results.eci.gov.in|access-date=2019-05-24}}</ref> Initial returns showed the BJP leading in all 303 constituencies it eventually won, and opposition leader [[Rahul Gandhi]] conceded defeat prior to the official certification of most results.<ref name="PM Modi 2019">[https://www.indiatoday.in/elections/lok-sabha-2019/video/rahul-gandhi-concedes-defeat-congratulates-pm-modi-smriti-irani-1532940-2019-05-23 Rahul Gandhi concedes defeat, congratulates PM Modi, Smriti Irani], India Today (May 23, 2019)</ref>
 
The election had been called a referendum on Modi and the BJP's [[Hindutva|Hindu nationalistic]] policies and advocacy.<ref>[https://www.theguardian.com/world/2019/may/19/indians-vote-final-stage-gruelling-election-campaign-narendra-modi Indian elections: Modi on track for decisive victory, exit polls suggest], The Guardian (May 23, 2019)</ref><ref>[https://www.npr.org/2019/04/14/709439733/with-indian-elections-underway-the-vote-is-also-a-referendum-on-hindu-nationalis With Indian Elections Underway, The Vote Is Also A Referendum On Hindu Nationalism], NPR (April 14, 2019)</ref> According to ''The Wall Street Journal'', Modi's victory "sets (sic) the stage for further economic change in one of Asia’s fastest-growing economies."<ref name="wsjmay232019a2" /> Alasdair Pal and Mayank Bhardwaj, in an article published by [[Reuters]], claimed that the result was a mandate for business-friendly policies and tougher national security positions, reinforcing "a global trend of right-wing populists sweeping to victory, from the United States to Brazil and Italy, often after adopting harsh positions on protectionism, immigration and defence."<ref>[https://www.reuters.com/article/us-india-election/indias-modi-stuns-opposition-with-huge-election-win-idUSKCN1SS2YR India's Modi stuns opposition with huge election win], Alasdair Pal and Mayank Bhardwaj, Reuters (May 23, 2019)</ref>
 
According to a data analysis by the ''[[Mint (newspaper)|Mint]]'', "Overall, the BJP’s appeal seems to transcend the divides of caste, education, and affluence, but there are some differences — with the BJP less successful in more educated constituencies" in a study of about 140 seats where Congress and Others were more successful. The BJP was favored in all income groups, states the ''Mint''. The newspaper added, "In constituencies with high presence of scheduled castes and scheduled tribes (SCs/STs), the BJP is more popular than other parties, but in constituencies with high presence of Muslims, it is less popular."<ref>{{cite web|url=https://www.livemint.com/elections/lok-sabha-elections/ten-charts-that-explain-the-2019-lok-sabha-verdict-1558636775444.html|title=Ten charts that explain the 2019 Lok Sabha verdict|date=May 24, 2019|website=Livemint.com}}</ref> -->
 
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