"హైపోథైరాయిడిజం" కూర్పుల మధ్య తేడాలు

సవరణ సారాంశం లేదు
{{Infobox medical condition (new)
 
| name = Hypothyroidism
{{Infobox medical condition (new)|name=Hypothyroidism|causes=[[Iodine deficiency]], [[Hashimoto's thyroiditis]]<ref name=NIH2016/>|frequency=0.3–0.4% (USA)<ref name=Garber/>|prognosis=|medication=|treatment=[[Levothyroxine]]<ref name=NIH2016/>|prevention=[[iodised salt|Salt iodization]]<ref name=Sye2015/>|differential=[[Depression (mood)|Depression]], [[dementia]], [[heart failure]], [[chronic fatigue syndrome]]<ref>{{cite book|last1=Ferri|first1=Fred F.|title=Ferri's differential diagnosis : a practical guide to the differential diagnosis of symptoms, signs, and clinical disorders|date=2010|publisher=Elsevier/Mosby|location=Philadelphia, PA|isbn=978-0323076999|page=Chapter H|edition=2nd}}</ref>|diagnosis=[[Blood test]]s ([[thyroid-stimulating hormone]], [[thyroxine]])<ref name=NIH2016/>|risks=|duration=|image=Thyroxine-2D-skeletal.png|onset=< 60 years old<ref name=NIH2016/>|complications=During [[pregnancy]] can result in [[cretinism]] in the baby<ref name=Pre2009/>|symptoms=Poor ability to tolerate cold, feeling tired, [[constipation]], [[Depression (mood)|depression]], weight gain<ref name=NIH2016 />|field=[[Endocrinology]]|synonyms=Underactive thyroid, low thyroid, hypothyreosis|pronounce={{IPAc-en|ˌ|h|aɪ|p|ə|ˈ|θ|aɪ|r|ɔɪ|d|ɪ|z|əm|,_|-|p|oʊ|-}}{{refn|{{Dictionary.com|hypothyroidism}}}}{{refn|{{cite web |url=https://www.oxforddictionaries.com/definition/english/hypothyroidism |title=hypothyroidism - definition of hypothyroidism in English from the Oxford dictionary |publisher=[[OxfordDictionaries.com]] |access-date=2016-01-20 }}}}|caption=Molecular structure of thyroxine, the deficiency of which causes the symptoms of hypothyroidism|alt=Molecular structure of the thyroxine molecule|deaths=}}
| image = Thyroxine-2D-skeletal.png
| alt = Molecular structure of the thyroxine molecule
| caption = Molecular structure of thyroxine, the deficiency of which causes the symptoms of hypothyroidism
| pronounce = {{IPAc-en|ˌ|h|aɪ|p|ə|ˈ|θ|aɪ|r|ɔɪ|d|ɪ|z|əm|,_|-|p|oʊ|-}}{{refn|{{Dictionary.com|hypothyroidism}}}}{{refn|{{cite web |url=https://www.oxforddictionaries.com/definition/english/hypothyroidism |title=hypothyroidism - definition of hypothyroidism in English from the Oxford dictionary |publisher=[[OxfordDictionaries.com]] |access-date=2016-01-20 }}}}
| synonyms = Underactive thyroid, low thyroid, hypothyreosis
| field = [[Endocrinology]]
| symptoms = Poor ability to tolerate cold, feeling tired, [[constipation]], [[Depression (mood)|depression]], weight gain<ref name=NIH2016 />
| complications = During [[pregnancy]] can result in [[cretinism]] in the baby<ref name=Pre2009/>
| onset = < 60 years old<ref name=NIH2016/>
| duration =
| causes = [[Iodine deficiency]], [[Hashimoto's thyroiditis]]<ref name=NIH2016/>
| risks =
| diagnosis = [[Blood test]]s ([[thyroid-stimulating hormone]], [[thyroxine]])<ref name=NIH2016/>
| differential = [[Depression (mood)|Depression]], [[dementia]], [[heart failure]], [[chronic fatigue syndrome]]<ref>{{cite book|last1=Ferri|first1=Fred F.|title=Ferri's differential diagnosis : a practical guide to the differential diagnosis of symptoms, signs, and clinical disorders|date=2010|publisher=Elsevier/Mosby|location=Philadelphia, PA|isbn=978-0323076999|page=Chapter H|edition=2nd}}</ref>
| prevention = [[iodised salt|Salt iodization]]<ref name=Sye2015/>
| treatment = [[Levothyroxine]]<ref name=NIH2016/>
| medication =
| prognosis =
| frequency = 0.3–0.4% (USA)<ref name=Garber/>
| deaths =
}}
 
'''హైపోథైరాయిడిజం''', [[అవటు గ్రంధి|థైరాయిడ్ గ్రంథి]] తగినంత థైరాయిడ్ హార్మోన్ ను ఉత్పత్తి చేయనప్పుడు వచ్చే వ్యాధి. ఈ వ్యాధి ప్రభావంతో చలిని తట్టుకోలేకపోవడం[[నీరసం|, నీరసం]], [[మలబద్దకం]], [[బ్రాడీకార్డియా|హృదయ స్పందన రేటు]] తగ్గడం, నిరాశ, బరువు పెరగడం వంటి అనేక లక్షణాలలు కలుగుతాయి. కొన్నిసార్లు [[గ్రంథివాపు వ్యాధి]] కారణంగా మెడ ముందుభాగంలో వాపు ఏర్పడుతుంది.<ref name="NIH2016">{{Cite web|url=http://www.niddk.nih.gov/health-information/health-topics/endocrine/hypothyroidism/Pages/fact-sheet.aspx|title=Hypothyroidism|date=March 2013|website=National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases|url-status=live|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20160305010654/http://www.niddk.nih.gov/health-information/health-topics/endocrine/hypothyroidism/Pages/fact-sheet.aspx|archive-date=5 March 2016|access-date=5 March 2016}}</ref> [[గర్భం|గర్భధారణ]] సమయంలో హైపోథైరాయిడిజం చికిత్స చేయకపోతే పుట్టిన శిశువులో పెరుగుదల, మేధోవికాసం తగ్గడంతోపాటు పుట్టుకతో వచ్చే అయోడిన్ లోపం సిండ్రోమ్‌కు దారితీస్తుంది.<ref name="Pre2009">{{Cite book|url=https://books.google.com/books?id=7v7g5XoCQQwC&pg=PA616|title=Comprehensive Handbook of Iodine Nutritional, Biochemical, Pathological and Therapeutic Aspects.|last=Preedy|first=Victor|date=2009|publisher=Elsevier|isbn=9780080920863|location=Burlington|page=616}}</ref>
"https://te.wikipedia.org/wiki/ప్రత్యేక:MobileDiff/3050279" నుండి వెలికితీశారు