"పసిఫిక్ మహాసముద్రం" కూర్పుల మధ్య తేడాలు

 
 
=== కొత్త సాంరాజ్యవాదం ===
=== New Imperialism ===
{{See also|New Imperialism}}
[[File:Trieste (23 Jan 1960).jpeg|thumb|The bathyscaphe ''[[Bathyscaphe Trieste|Trieste]]'', before her record dive to the bottom of the [[Mariana Trench]], 23 January 1960]]
Growing [[imperialism]] during the 19th century resulted in the occupation of much of Oceania by European powers, and later Japan and the United States. Significant contributions to oceanographic knowledge were made by the voyages of [[HMS Beagle|HMS ''Beagle'']] in the 1830s, with [[Charles Darwin]] aboard;<ref>{{Cite news|url=https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/charles-darwins-travel-beagle/|title=Charles Darwin's Travels on the HMS Beagle|last=Marty|first=Christoph|work=Scientific American|access-date=23 March 2018|language=en}}</ref> [[HMS Challenger (1858)|HMS ''Challenger'']] during the 1870s;<ref>{{Cite web|url=http://www.interactiveoceans.washington.edu/story/HMS_Challenger|title=The Voyage of HMS Challenger|website=www.interactiveoceans.washington.edu|access-date=23 March 2018}}</ref> the [[USS Tuscarora (1861)|USS ''Tuscarora'']] (1873–76);<ref>{{Cite book|url=https://books.google.com/books?id=VP9BAAAAYAAJ&q=dab|title=A Synopsis of the Cruise of the U.S.S. "Tuscarora": From the Date of Her Commission to Her Arrival in San Francisco, Cal. Sept. 2d, 1874|date=1874|publisher=Cosmopolitan printing Company|language=en}}</ref> and the German ''Gazelle'' (1874–76).<ref>{{Cite journal|url=https://books.google.com/books?id=nE0pAAAAYAAJ&pg=PA101|title=A Physical, Historical, Political, & Descriptive Geography|journal=Nature|volume=22|issue=553|pages=95|last=Johnston|first=Keith|date=1881|language=en|bibcode=1880Natur..22Q..95.|doi=10.1038/022095a0|s2cid=4070183}}</ref>
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