"రెడ్‌క్రాస్" కూర్పుల మధ్య తేడాలు

(→‎ఉద్యమ సంస్థ: లింకు సరిచేసాను)
 
==ఉద్యమాలు - చిహ్నాలు ==
{{details|:en:Emblems of the International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement{{!}}అంతర్జాతీయ రెడ్‌క్రాస్ మరియు రెడ్ క్రెసెంట్ చిహ్నాలు}}
 
 
===రెడ్ క్రాస్===
[[Image:Flag of the Red Cross.svg|150px|thumb|Theరెడ్ Redక్రాస్ Cross symbolచిహ్నం.]]
 
The Red Cross on white background was the original protection symbol declared at the 1864 Geneva Convention. It is, in terms of its color, a reversal of the [[Flag of Switzerland|Swiss national flag]]<ref>http://www.icrc.org/web/eng/siteeng0.nsf/html/emblem-history</ref>, a meaning which was adopted to honor Swiss founder Henry Dunant and his home country. The ideas to introduce a uniform and neutral protection symbol as well as its specific design originally came from Dr. [[:en:Louis Appia]] and General [[:en:Henri Dufour|Henri Dufour]], founding members of the International Committee.
===రెడ్ క్రెసెంట్===
[[Image:Flag of the Red Crescent.svg|150px|thumb|Theరెడ్ Redక్రెసెంట్ Crescent symbolచిహ్నం.]]
 
During the [[:en:Russo-Turkish War, 1877-1878|Russo-Turkish War]] from 1876 to 1878, the [[Ottoman Empire]] used a Red Crescent instead of the Red Cross because its government believed that the cross would alienate its Muslim soldiers. When asked by the ICRC in 1877, [[Russia]] committed to fully respect the sanctity of all persons and facilities bearing the Red Crescent symbol, followed by a similar commitment from the Ottoman government to respect the Red Cross. After this [[:en:de facto]] assessment of equal validity to both symbols, the ICRC declared in 1878 that it should be possible in principle to adopt an additional official protection symbol for non-Christian countries. The Red Crescent was formally recognized in 1929 when the Geneva Conventions were amended (Article 19).<ref>[http://www.icrc.org/web/eng/siteeng0.nsf/html/emblem-history The History of The Emblems, International Committee for the Red Cross]</ref> Originally, the Red Crescent was used by [[Turkey]] and [[Egypt]]. From its official recognition to today, the Red Crescent became the organizational emblem of nearly every national society in countries with majority [[Muslim]] populations. The national societies of some countries such as [[Pakistan]] (1974), [[Malaysia]] (1975), or [[Bangladesh]] (1989) have officially changed their name and emblem from the Red Cross to the Red Crescent. The Red Crescent is used by 33 of the 186 recognized societies worldwide.
 
 
==ఇవీ చూడండి==
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