"భారతదేశంలో ఎన్నికల వ్యవస్థ" కూర్పుల మధ్య తేడాలు

తర్జుమా మరియు వికీకరణ
(కొత్త పేజీ అనువాదం కొరకు ఆంగ్ల భాగాన్ని వుంచాను)
 
(తర్జుమా మరియు వికీకరణ)
: ''జరుగబోవు సార్వత్రిక ఎన్నికల కొరకు చూడండి [[భారత సార్వత్రిక ఎన్నికలు, 2009]].''
: ''For the upcoming Indian General Elections see [[Indian general election, 2009]].''
{{అనువాదం}}
{{Politics of India}}
[[ఎన్నిక]]లు అనగా, సాధారణంగా ప్రజలు తమ ప్రతినిధిని ఎన్నుకొని, ఆ ప్రతినిధుల ద్వారా, ప్రభుత్వాన్ని నడుపుటకు ఏర్పరచుకునే విధానము.
An [[election]] is a decision-making process by which a population chooses an individual to hold formal office
 
స్వతంత్ర భారత దేశంలో 'ఎన్నికలు' ప్రజాస్వామ్య విలువలు గట్టిగా పునాదులు వేసుకునే సాంప్రదాయానికి సాక్ష్యాలు.
Since independence, '''[[elections in India]]''' have evolved a long way, but all along elections have been a significant cultural aspect of independent India.
 
In 2004, Indian elections covered an electorate larger than 670 million people&mdash;over twice that of the next largest, the [[Elections in the European Union|European Parliament elections]]&mdash;and declared expenditure has trebled since 1989 to almost $300 million, using more than 1 million [[Indian voting machines|electronic voting machines]]<ref>[http://eci.gov.in/MiscStats/ExpenditureLokSabha.htm Indian General Election Expenditure, from ECI website] accessed 14 May 2006.</ref>.
The first general elections were conducted in India in 1951, for 489 constituencies representing 26 Indian states. At that time, there were a few two-seat and even a three-seat constituency. The multi-seat constituencies were discontinued in the 1960s.
 
==రాజకీయ పార్టీల చరిత్ర==
==History of political parties==
The dominance of the Indian National Congress was broken for the first time in 1977, with the defeat of the party led by [[Indira Gandhi]], by an unlikely coalition of all the major other parties, which protested against the imposition of a controversial [[State of emergency|Emergency]] from 1975–1977. A similar coalition, led by [[Vishwanath Pratap Singh|VP Singh]] was swept to power in 1989 in the wake of major allegations of corruption by the incumbent Prime Minister, [[Rajiv Gandhi]]. It, too, lost its steam in 1990.
 
 
==ఎన్నికల విధానము==
<!-- Deleted image removed: [[Image:EVM carried on elephant.jpg|thumb|right|250px|Conducting elections in India is a mammoth task. The newspaper clip shows the election officials carry the [[Indian voting machines|EVM]] (Electronic Voting Machine) on an elephant. These officials are preparing for their way to a remote [[polling station]], located in tea garden areas situated in mountainous terrain, inaccessible by conventional means of transport (road, air, etc).]] -->
 
Electoral Process in India takes at least a month for state assembly elections with the duration increasing further for the General Elections. Publishing of electoral rolls is a key process that happens before the elections and is vital for the conduct of elections in India. The Indian Constitution sets the eligibility of an individual for voting. Any person who is a citizen of India and above 18 years of age is eligible to enroll as a voter in the electoral rolls. It is the responsibility of the eligible voters to enroll their names. Normally, voter registrations are allowed latest one week prior to the last date for nomination of candidates.
Several civic society organizations have urged the government to amend the RPA act to allow NRI's and people on the move to cast their vote through absentee ballot system <ref>[http://voterswithoutborders.org Petition for Absentee Voting in Indian Elections] </ref> <ref>[http://tanushreebagrodia.blogspot.com/2008/12/nri-voting-rights-and-upcoming.html Non-Resident Indians Voting rights in the upcoming general elections ]</ref> .
 
==ఎన్నికల సంస్కరణలు==
==Electoral reforms==
భారత ఎన్నికల కమీషను ద్వారా ప్రతిపాదింపబడిన ఎన్నికల సంస్కరణలు:
Proposed Electoral Reforms by Election Commission of India
 
http://eci.gov.in/PROPOSED_ELECTORAL_REFORMS.pdf
 
{{Expand-section|date=February 2007}}
 
== ఇతర పఠనాలు ==
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