(కొత్త పేజీ అనువాదం కొరకు ఆంగ్ల భాగాన్ని వుంచాను)
(తర్జుమా మరియు వికీకరణ)
In 2004, Indian elections covered an electorate larger than 670 million people—over twice that of the next largest, the [[Elections in the European Union|European Parliament elections]]—and declared expenditure has trebled since 1989 to almost $300 million, using more than 1 million [[Indian voting machines|electronic voting machines]]<ref>[http://eci.gov.in/MiscStats/ExpenditureLokSabha.htm Indian General Election Expenditure, from ECI website] accessed 14 May 2006.</ref>.
The first general elections were conducted in India in 1951, for 489 constituencies representing 26 Indian states. At that time, there were a few two-seat and even a three-seat constituency. The multi-seat constituencies were discontinued in the 1960s.
The dominance of the Indian National Congress was broken for the first time in 1977, with the defeat of the party led by [[Indira Gandhi]], by an unlikely coalition of all the major other parties, which protested against the imposition of a controversial [[State of emergency|Emergency]] from 1975–1977. A similar coalition, led by [[Vishwanath Pratap Singh|VP Singh]] was swept to power in 1989 in the wake of major allegations of corruption by the incumbent Prime Minister, [[Rajiv Gandhi]]. It, too, lost its steam in 1990.
Electoral Process in India takes at least a month for state assembly elections with the duration increasing further for the General Elections. Publishing of electoral rolls is a key process that happens before the elections and is vital for the conduct of elections in India. The Indian Constitution sets the eligibility of an individual for voting. Any person who is a citizen of India and above 18 years of age is eligible to enroll as a voter in the electoral rolls. It is the responsibility of the eligible voters to enroll their names. Normally, voter registrations are allowed latest one week prior to the last date for nomination of candidates.
Several civic society organizations have urged the government to amend the RPA act to allow NRI's and people on the move to cast their vote through absentee ballot system <ref>[http://voterswithoutborders.org Petition for Absentee Voting in Indian Elections] </ref> <ref>[http://tanushreebagrodia.blogspot.com/2008/12/nri-voting-rights-and-upcoming.html Non-Resident Indians Voting rights in the upcoming general elections ]</ref> .
== ఇతర పఠనాలు ==