|classification= [[India]]n [[Percussion instrument]], goatskin heads with [[syahi]]
|range= Bolt tuned or rope tuned with dowels and hammer </div>
|related= [[Pakhavaj]], [[మృదంగం]], [[Khol]]
'''తబలా''' (ఆంగ్లం :The '''tabla''') ([[హిందీ]]: तबला, তবলা, [[ఉర్దూ]]: '''تبلہ''' ''తబ్లా'') is a popular Indian [[percussion instrument]] used in the classical, popular and religious music of the [[Indian subcontinent]] and in [[Hindustani classical music]]. The instrument consists of a pair of [[hand drum]]s of contrasting sizes and timbres. The term ''tabla'' is derived from an [[Arabic]] word, ''tabl'', which simply means "drum", that comes from the [[Aramaic]] ṭabl.<ref>[http://dictionary.reference.com/search?q=tabla Dictionary.com]</ref>
Playing technique involves extensive use of the fingers and palms in various configurations to create a wide variety of different sounds, reflected in the mnemonic syllables ([[Bol (music)|bol]]). The heel of the hand is used to apply [[pressure]] or in a sliding motion on the larger drum so that the [[pitch (music)|pitch]] is changed during the sound's decay.
*'''సుర్''' - The area between the gaab and the keenar. In Hindi, known as the maidan.
*'''బోల్''' - both mnemonic syllables and a series of notes produced when stroked. E.g. Na, tin, Dha, Dhin, Ge, Ke, etc.
Theka''' - a standard series of bols that form the rhythmic basis of tabla accompaniment for a given tala.
*'''రేలా''' - a sort of rapid drum-roll.
*'''చుట్టా''' - the cushions used when placing the tabla.
*[[హిందుస్థానీ శాస్త్రీయ సంగీతం]]