"సిపాయి" కూర్పుల మధ్య తేడాలు

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[[Image:Awan Sepoy (30th Punjabis).jpg|thumb|An early 20th century sepoy]]
'''సిపాయి''' (Sepoy) ({{pron-en|ˈsiːpɔɪ}}) (from [[Persian language|Persian]] سپاهی [[Spahis|''Sipâhi'']] meaning "soldier") was a native of [[British India|India]], a soldier allied to a [[Europe]]an power, usually the [[United Kingdom]]. Specifically, it was the term used in the [[British Indian Army]], and earlier in the [[Honourable East India Company]], for an [[infantry]] [[private (rank)|private]] (a cavalry trooper was a [[Sowar]]), and is still so used in the modern [[Indian Army]], [[Pakistan Army]] and [[Bangladesh Army]]. Close to 300,000 sepoys were crucial in securing the subcontinent for the British East India Company<ref>http://www.fsmitha.com/h3/h38sep.htm</ref>, and played a prominent role in the [[Indian Rebellion of 1857]] after it was alleged that the new rifles being issued to them used animal fat to grease the casing.
 
The same Persian word has reached English via another route in the form of ''[[Sipahi|Spahi]]''. Also the [[Sepoy Mutiny]] got its name from this.
 
The sepoys also served [[Portugal]] in [[Portuguese India|India]]. Sepoys from the [[Portuguese India]], later, were sent to other territories of the [[Portuguese Empire]], specially those from [[Africa]]. Later, the term "''sipaio''" (sepoy) was also applied by the Portuguese to African soldiers and African rural police officers.
 
Its Basque version ''zipaio'' is used by [[Abertzale|leftist Basque nationalists]] as an insult for members of the [[Ertzaintza|Basque Police]]<ref name="Deia">[http://www.deia.com/es/impresa/2005/01/12/araba/euskadi/59425.php La AN condena a dos años de cárcel al autor de los destrozos en el "bosque de Oma"], [[Deia]], 12 January 2005. Quoting a sentence from the [[Audiencia Nacional]]: ''«siendo público y notorio que el término "zipaio" es el que se da a los miembros de la Policía» vasca.</ref>, implying that they are not a national police but servers of a foreign occupant.
 
==ఇవి కూడా చూడండి==
 
*[[Indianసిపాయిల Rebellion of 1857|Sepoy Mutinyతిరుగుబాటు]] (also Indian Mutiny or First Indian War of Independence)
*[[Jawanజవాన్]], the word used today to describe a soldier of the Armies of [[Indian Army|India]] and [[Pakistan Army|Pakistan]].
 
==మూలాలు==
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