'''''స్మార్తం''''' (లేదా '''స్మార్త సాంప్రదాయం''') [[హిందూమతం]] యొక్క ప్రధాన శాఖలలో ఒకటి. [[వేదాలు|వేదాల]]ను మరియు శాస్త్రాలను అనుసరించే వారిని స్మార్తులు అంటారు. స్మార్తులు ప్రధానంగా [[ఆది శంకరాచార్యుడు]] ప్రవచించిన [[అద్వైతం|అద్వైత]] వేదాంత తత్త్వాన్ని అనుసరిస్తారు. అయితే వీరు ఇతర తత్త్వాలను ప్రవచించి, అనుసరించిన కొన్ని సందర్భాలు ఉన్నాయి.
[[సంస్కృతం]]లో ''స్మార్త'' అంటే "హిందూ స్మృతులపై ఆధారపడినవి లేదా స్మృతులలో పొందుపరచబడిన వాటికి సంబంధించిన, సాంప్రదాయంపై ఆధారపడిన లేదా సాంప్రదాయ న్యాయము లేదా వాడుకకు సంబంధించినవి" అని అర్ధం. ఈ పదం స్మృ (గుర్తుకు తెచ్చుకొనటం) అన్న మూల సంస్కృత
ధాతువునుండి ఏర్పడింది. ''[[శ్రుతి]]'' యొక్క వృద్ధి కారకం ''[[శ్రౌత]]'' అయినట్టే ''[[స్మృతి]]'' యొక్క [[వృద్ధి]] కారకం ''స్మార్త''.
==స్మార్త సాంప్రదాయం యొక్క ముఖ్య లక్షణములు==
Smartas are followers and propagators of ''[[Smriti]]'' or religious texts derived from [[Vedas|Vedic scriptures]]. It is from this that the name ''smarta'' is derived. This term is used with respect to a certain specialized category of Brahmins. Propagating texts derived directly from the Vedas, they are followers of [[Apastamba]] Sutra (as opposed to others following [[
Manu Smriti]]). When a detractor tells a Smarta that their beliefs are madness, the Smarta responds: ''Madness? This is Smarta!''
It was [[
Adi Sankara|Adi Shankaracharya]] who brought all the Vedic communities together. He removed the un-Vedic aspects that had crept into them. He said that any of the different Hindu gods could be worshipped, according to the prescriptions given in the smriti texts. He established that worship of various deities are compatible with Vedas and is not contradictory, since all are different manifestations of ''Brahman''. His ideas were accepted as he succeeded in convincing brahmins of his day, that this is exactly what was indicated by the [[Vedas]].
God, according to Smartas who happen to follow Advaita philosophy, is both [[
Saguna]] and [[ Nirguna]]. As a Nirguna he is pure consciousness dissociated from matter. He (the gender itself is meaningless here) has no attributes, and has no form. As a Saguna, there is quality that can be attributed. He is infinite and thus can have a multitude of attributes. Accordingly, the scriptures hold that [[Vishnu]] and [[Shiva]] are ultimately the same. The Smarta theologians have cited many references to support this point. For example, they interpret verses in both the [[ Shri Rudram]], the most sacred mantra in [[Shaivism]], and the [[Vishnu Sahasranama]], one of the most sacred prayers in [[Vaishnavism]], to show this unity. [[ Vishnu Purana]] carries a story about how [[ Maha Vishnu]] becomes [[ Brahma]], Vishnu and Shiva. In other words, these forms and names are just different manifestations of Nirguna Brahman — the Ultimate Reality.
One of the previous Shankaracharya of Sringeri Math, [[Sri Chandrasekhara Bharati]] (1892 - 1954), commentating on this, said. "you cannot see the feet of the Lord, why do you waste your time debating about the nature of His face?" <ref name="Advaita Vedanta FAQ">[http://www.advaita-vedanta.org/avhp/ad_faq.html#8 Advaita Vedanta FAQ]</ref>
It is most essential for Smarta Brahmins to specialize in the [[
Karma Kanda]] of the [[Vedas]] and associated rituals diligently, and to teach the subsequent generations. This is the only reason that these families continue to be called Smartas.
===శణ్మతము మరియు హిందూధర్మము మీద దాని ప్రభావము===
[[ఆది శంకరాచార్యులు|ఆది శంకరులు]] propagated the tradition of ''[[Shanmata]]'' ([[
Sanskrit]], meaning Six Opinions). In this six major deities are worshipped. This is based on the belief in the essential sameness of all [[deities]], the [[Divine oneness|unity]] of [[Godhead]], and their conceptualization of the myriad [[deities of India]] as various manifestations of the one divine power, [[Brahman]]. Smartas accept and worship the six manifestations of [[God]], ([[Ganesha]], [[Shiva]], [[Shakti]], [[Vishnu]], [[Surya]] and [[Skanda]]) and the choice of the nature of God is up to the individual worshipper since different manifestations of God are held to be equivalent.
Many Hindus, who may not understand or follow Advaita philosophy, in contemporary Hinduism, invariably follow the Shanmata belief worshiping many forms of God. One commentator, noting the influence of the Smarta tradition, remarked that although many Hindus may not strictly identify themselves as Smartas but, by adhering to [[Advaita Vedanta]] as a foundation for non-sectarianism, are indirect followers.
<ref>[http://hinduism.iskcon.com/tradition/1204.htm Heart of Hinduism: The Smarta Tradition<!-- Bot generated title -->]</ref> Additionally, many of the Hindu teachers of the modern era such as [[Ramakrishna]], with the notable exception of [[A.C. Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada]], the Vaishnava founder of the Hare Krishna movement, all had teachings that were in accord with this tradition. The Smarta view dominates the view of [[Hinduism]] in the West. Smartas believe that [[Brahman]] is essentially attribute-less ([[
nirguna]]), all attributes ([[ gunas]]) equally belong to It, within empirical reality<ref name="Advaita Vedanta FAQ"/>.
===మిగతా హైందవ ధర్మాలతో కల తేడాలు===