===పౌరుష గ్రంధి క్యాంసర్===
[[Image:Prostate adenocarcinoma 2 high mag hps.jpg|thumb|right|[[Micrograph]] showing normal prostatic glands and glands of [[prostate cancer]] (prostate adenocarcinoma) - right upper aspect of image. [[HPS stain]]. [[Prostate biopsy]].]]
[[Prostate cancer]] is one of the most common [[cancer]]s affecting older men in [[developed countries]] and a significant cause of [[death]] for elderly men (estimated by some specialists at 3%). Despite this, the American Cancer Society's position regarding early detection is "Research has not yet proven that the potential benefits of testing outweigh the harms of testing and treatment. The American Cancer Society believes that men should not be tested without learning about what we know and don’t know about the risks and possible benefits of testing and treatment. Starting at age 50, (45 if African American or brother or father suffered from condition before age 65) talk to your doctor about the pros and cons of testing so you can decide if testing is the right choice for you."<ref>http://www.cancer.org/Healthy/FindCancerEarly/CancerScreeningGuidelines/american-cancer-society-guidelines-for-the-early-detection-of-cancer American Cancer Society American Cancer Society Guidelines for the early detection of cancer Cited: September 2011</ref>
If checks are performed, they can be in the form of a physical [[rectal exam]], measurement of [[prostate specific antigen]] (PSA) level in the blood, or checking for the presence of the protein [[EN2 (gene)|Engrailed-2]] (EN2) in the urine.