చి (fixing dead links)
[[Abd al-Qadir]] is recognized and venerated as the first hero of Algerian independence. Not without cause, his green and white standard was adopted by the Algerian liberation movement during the [[Algerian War|War of Independence]] and became the national flag of independent Algeria.
The [[Algerian Civil War]] (1991–2002) was an armed conflict between the [[Algeria]]n government and various [[Islamist]] rebel groups which began in 1991. By 1997, the organized jihad in Algeria had disintegrated into criminal thuggery and Algeria was wracked by [[List of Algerian massacres of the 1990s|massacres]] of intense brutality and unprecedented size.<ref>[http://www.nmhschool.org/tthornton/algeria.php Algeria]</ref><ref>[http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m2501/is_3_23/ai_78804226/pg_1 Centrifugal Tendencies In The Algerian Civil War], Arab Studies Quarterly (ASQ)</ref>
== ముస్లిం సమూహాలలో జిహాద్ ==