Watermelon (C. lanatus) originated in Africa, where evidence indicates that it has been cultivated for over 4,000 years. It is a popular summer fruit in all parts of the world.
Muskmelon (C. melo)
Casaba, bright yellow, with a smooth, furrowed skin. Less flavorful than other melons, but keeps longer.
Honeydew, with a sweet, juicy, green-colored flesh. Grown as bailan melon in Lanzhou, China. There is a second variety which has yellow skin, white flesh and tastes like a moist pear.
C. melo reticulatus, true muskmelons, with netted (reticulated) skin.
North American cantaloupe, distinct from the European cantaloupe, with the net-like skin pattern common to other C. melo reticulatus varieties.
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