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===బెలారసియన్ సోవియట్ సోషలిస్ట్ రిపబ్లిక్ ===
రష్యన్ పాలనలో బెలారస్ భాగాన్ని 1919 లో బైలోరష్యన్ సోవియట్ సోషలిస్ట్ రిపబ్లిక్ (బైలోరష్యన్ ఎస్ఎస్ఆర్)గా వెలుగులోకి తెచ్చింది. ఆ తరువాత కొద్దికాలానికి ఇది లిథువేనియన్-బైలెరోరియన్ ఎస్ఎస్ఆర్‌ను రూపొందించడానికి విలీనం అయ్యాయి. 1921 లో యుద్ధం ముగిసిన తరువాత [[పోలండ్]] మరియు సోవియట్ యూనియన్ మధ్య పోటీ భూములు విభజించబడ్డాయి మరియు 1922 లో సోవియట్ సోషలిస్ట్ రిపబ్లిక్స్ యూనియన్ స్థాపక సభ్యదేశంగా ఎస్.ఎస్.ఆర్. అయింది.
A part of Belarus under Russian rule emerged as the [[Byelorussian Soviet Socialist Republic]] (Byelorussian SSR) in 1919. Soon thereafter it merged to form the [[Lithuanian–Belorussian Soviet Socialist Republic|Lithuanian-Byelorussian SSR]]. The contested lands were divided between Poland and the [[Soviet Union]] after the war ended in 1921, and the Byelorussian SSR became a founding member of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics in 1922.<ref name="birgerson"/><ref>{{cite book|last=Marples|first=David|title=Belarus: A Denationalized Nation|publisher=Routledge|year=1999|page=5|url=https://books.google.com/books?id=EMCYfOSaLSgC&pg=PA8&dq=Belarusian+People%27s+Republic|isbn=90-5702-343-1}}</ref> Theవిభజనలో westernఆధునిక partబెలారస్ of modern Belarusపశ్చిమ remainedప్రాంతం partపోలాండ్లో ofభాగంగా Polandఉంది.<ref name="ocu1">{{cite book|title=The global and the local: understanding the dialectics of business systems|last=Sorge|first=Arndt|year=2005|publisher=[[Oxford University Press]]|isbn=9780191535345}}</ref><ref name="ocu2">{{cite book|url=https://books.google.com/books?id=RSxt-JB-PDkC&pg=PA37&dq=occupation+of+Western+Belarus|title=Miniature empires: a historical dictionary of the newly independent states|last=Minahan|first=James|year=1998|publisher=[[Greenwood Publishing Group|Greenwood Press]]|isbn=978-0-313-30610-5}}</ref><ref>{{cite book|author1=Nick Baron|author2=Peter Gatrell|title=Homelands|url=https://books.google.com/books?id=FCBVPqAWuUsC&pg=PA19|accessdate=18 September 2015|date=10 August 2004|publisher=Anthem Press|isbn=978-1-84331-385-4|page=19|chapter=War, Population Displacement and State Formation in the Russian Borderlands 1914–1924}}</ref>
 
In1920 theలు 1920sమరియు and1930 1930s,లలో Sovietసోవియట్ agriculturalవ్యవసాయ andమరియు economicఆర్ధిక policies,విధానాలు includingసంస్కరణలు [[collectivization]]మరియు andజాతీయ [[Five-Yearఆర్థిక Plansవ్యవస్థ forకోసం theఐదు Nationalసంవత్సరాల Economyప్రణాళికలు ofకరువు theఏర్పడడానికి Sovietమరియు Union|five-yearరాజకీయ plansఅణచివేతలకు for the national economy]], led to famine and political repressionదారితీసింది.<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.belarus.by/en/about-belarus/history|title=Belarus history|publisher=Official website of the Republic of Belarus|accessdate=17 March 2017}}</ref>
 
[[File:Khatyn Memorial, Belarus.jpg|thumb|ఖటిన్ మెమోరియల్. రెండవ ప్రపంచ యుద్ధం సమయంలో, జర్మనీ పౌరులు పౌరులను 5,295 వేర్వేరు ప్రాంతాల్లో ఆక్రమించిన సోవియట్ బెలారస్లో హత్య చేసింది]]
[[File:Khatyn Memorial, Belarus.jpg|thumb|[[Khatyn]] Memorial. During World War II, Germany murdered civilians in 5,295 different localities in [[Occupation of Belarus by Nazi Germany|occupied Soviet Belarus]].|250x250px]]
[[File:Soviet guerilla.jpg|thumb|[[Soviet partisans#Belarus|Soviet1943 partisan]]లో fightersబెలారస్లో behindజర్మన్ [[Naziఫ్రంట్ Germany|German]]లైన్స్ [[frontవెనుక line]]sసోవియట్ inపక్షపాత Belarusయుద్ధ in 1943|250x250pxవిమానాలు]]
 
In 1939, [[Nazi Germany]] and the Soviet Union invaded and occupied Poland, marking the beginning of [[World War II]]. The Soviets invaded and annexed much of eastern Poland, which had been part of the country since the [[Peace of Riga]] two decades earlier. Much of the northern section of this area was added to the Byelorussian SSR, and now constitutes [[West Belarus]].<ref name="uni1"/><ref name="uni2"/><ref name="uni3">
1939 లో నాజీ జర్మనీ మరియు సోవియట్ యూనియన్ రెండో ప్రపంచ యుద్ధం ప్రారంభంలో పోలాండ్‌ను ఆక్రమించాయి. " రిగా పీస్ " నుండి దేశంలోని భాగమైన తూర్పు పోలాండ్లో చాలా సోవియట్ యూనియన్లను ఆక్రమించి, స్వాధీనం చేసుకుంది. ఈ ప్రాంతం ఉత్తర భాగంలో ఎక్కువ భాగం బైలేరోరియన్ ఎస్ఎస్ఆర్లో చేర్చబడింది.అదిఇప్పుడు వెస్ట్ బెలారస్‌గా ఉంది. <ref name="uni1"/><ref name="uni2"/><ref name="uni3">
*Клоков В. Я. Великий освободительный поход Красной Армии. (Освобождение Западной Украины и Западной Белоруссии).-Воронеж, 1940.
*Минаев В. Западная Белоруссия и Западная Украина под гнетом панской Польши.—М., 1939.
*Трайнин И.Национальное и социальное освобождение Западной Украины и Западной Белоруссии.—М., 1939.—80 с.
*Гiсторыя Беларусi. Том пяты.—Мінск, 2006.—с. 449–474
</ref><ref name="uni4">{{cite book|url=https://books.google.com/?id=jZJntMQtkSYC&pg=PA106&lpg=PA106&dq=Belarus+map+1945|title=Belarus: The Last European Dictatorship|author=Andrew Wilson|year=2011|isbn=978-0-300-13435-3}}</ref>
</ref><ref name="uni4">{{cite book|url=https://books.google.com/?id=jZJntMQtkSYC&pg=PA106&lpg=PA106&dq=Belarus+map+1945|title=Belarus: The Last European Dictatorship|author=Andrew Wilson|year=2011|isbn=978-0-300-13435-3}}</ref> The Soviet-controlled Byelorussian People's Council officially took control of the territories, whose populations consisted of a mixture of Poles, Ukrainians, Belarusians and Jews, on 28 October 1939 in [[Białystok]]. Nazi Germany [[Operation Barbarossa|invaded the Soviet Union]] in 1941. The [[Brest Fortress]], which had been annexed in 1939, at this time was subjected to one of the most destructive onslaughts that happened during the war. Statistically, the Byelorussian SSR was the hardest-hit Soviet republic in World War II; it [[Occupation of Belarus by Nazi Germany|remained in Nazi hands]] until 1944. During that time, Germany destroyed 209 out of 290 cities in the republic, 85% of the republic's industry, and more than one million buildings.<ref name="axell"/> The Nazi ''[[Generalplan Ost]]'' called for the extermination, expulsion or enslavement of most or all Belarusians for the purpose of providing more [[Lebensraum|living space]] in the [[Drang nach Osten|East]] for Germans.<ref>[[Timothy Snyder|Snyder, Timothy]] (2010). ''[https://books.google.com/books?id=ks0WBQAAQBAJ&pg=PA160 Bloodlands: Europe Between Hitler and Stalin]''. Basic Books. p. 160. {{ISBN|0465002390}}</ref>
 
 
 
</ref><ref name="uni4">{{cite book|url=https://books.google.com/?id=jZJntMQtkSYC&pg=PA106&lpg=PA106&dq=Belarus+map+1945|title=Belarus: The Last European Dictatorship|author=Andrew Wilson|year=2011|isbn=978-0-300-13435-3}}</ref> The Soviet-controlled Byelorussian People's Council officially took control of the territories, whose populations consisted of a mixture of Poles, Ukrainians, Belarusians and Jews, on 28 October 1939 in [[Białystok]]. Nazi Germany [[Operation Barbarossa|invaded the Soviet Union]] in 1941. The [[Brest Fortress]], which had been annexed in 1939, at this time was subjected to one of the most destructive onslaughts that happened during the war. Statistically, the Byelorussian SSR was the hardest-hit Soviet republic in World War II; it [[Occupation of Belarus by Nazi Germany|remained in Nazi hands]] until 1944. During that time, Germany destroyed 209 out of 290 cities in the republic, 85% of the republic's industry, and more than one million buildings.<ref name="axell"/> The Nazi ''[[Generalplan Ost]]'' called for the extermination, expulsion or enslavement of most or all Belarusians for the purpose of providing more [[Lebensraum|living space]] in the [[Drang nach Osten|East]] for Germans.<ref>[[Timothy Snyder|Snyder, Timothy]] (2010). ''[https://books.google.com/books?id=ks0WBQAAQBAJ&pg=PA160 Bloodlands: Europe Between Hitler and Stalin]''. Basic Books. p. 160. {{ISBN|0465002390}}</ref>
 
 
<ref name="axell"/> The Nazi ''[[Generalplan Ost]]'' called for the extermination, expulsion or enslavement of most or all Belarusians for the purpose of providing more [[Lebensraum|living space]] in the [[Drang nach Osten|East]] for Germans.<ref>[[Timothy Snyder|Snyder, Timothy]] (2010). ''[https://books.google.com/books?id=ks0WBQAAQBAJ&pg=PA160 Bloodlands: Europe Between Hitler and Stalin]''. Basic Books. p. 160. {{ISBN|0465002390}}</ref>
 
[[World War II casualties of the Soviet Union|Casualties]] were estimated to be between 2 and 3 million (about a quarter to one-third of the total population), while the [[History of the Jews in Belarus|Jewish population of Belarus]] was devastated during [[the Holocaust]] and never recovered.<ref name="axell"/><ref name="warpop">{{cite web|url=http://countrystudies.us/belarus/11.htm|title=Belarus&nbsp;– Stalin and Russification|accessdate=26 March 2006|last=Fedor|first=Helen|year=1995|work=Belarus: A Country Study|publisher=[[Library of Congress]]}}</ref> The population of Belarus did not regain its pre-war level until 1971.<ref name="warpop"/> It was also after this conflict that the final borders of Belarus were set by Stalin when parts of Belarusian territory were given to the recently annexed Lithuania.<ref name="uni4"/>
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