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'''గాంబియా''' (ఆంగ్లం : '''The Gambia''') <ref>Gambia changed its name to "The Gambia" because Americans were allegedly confusing Gambia with [[Zambia]]. Little evidence for this alleged confusion was ever offered. The presence of the "The" would somehow rectify this confusion.{{Fact|date=May 2009}}</ref> అధికారిక నామం "రిపబ్లిక్ ఆఫ్ ద గాంబియా", సాధారణంగా ''గాంబియా'' అని పిలువబడుతుంది. పశ్చిమ [[ఆఫ్రికా]] లోని ఒక దేశం. ప్రధాన ఆఫ్రికాలోని ఒక చిన్న దేశం. ఈ దేశం చుట్టూ ఉత్తరాన, తూర్పున మరియు దక్షిణాన [[సెనెగల్]] వ్యాపించి యున్నది. మరియు [[అట్లాంటిక్ మహాసముద్రం]] నకు పశ్చిమాన కొంచె తీరం కలిగివున్నది.దీని రాజధాని [[:en:Banjul|బంజుల్]].
 
'''The Gambia''' ({{IPAc-en|audio=En-us-Gambia.ogg|ˈ|ɡ|æ|m|b|i|ə}}), officially the '''Republic of The Gambia''', is a country in [[West Africa]] that is almost entirely surrounded by [[Senegal]] with the exception of its western coastline along the [[Atlantic Ocean]]. It is the smallest country within mainland [[Africa]].<ref name="Hoare">Hoare, Ben. (2002) ''The Kingfisher A-Z Encyclopedia'', Kingfisher Publications. p. 11. {{ISBN|0-7534-5569-2}}.</ref>
 
The Gambia is situated on either side of the [[Gambia River]], the nation's namesake, which flows through the centre of The Gambia and empties into the Atlantic Ocean. It has an area of {{convert|10689|km²|sqmi}} with a population of 1,857,181 as of the April 2013 census. [[Banjul]] is the Gambian capital and the largest cities are [[Serekunda]] and [[Brikama]].
 
The Gambia shares historical roots with many other West African nations in the [[slave trade]], which was the key factor in the placing and keeping of a colony on the [[Gambia River]], first by the [[Portugal|Portuguese]], during which era it was known as ''A Gâmbia''. Later, on 25 May 1765,<ref>Hughes, Arnold (2008) ''Historical Dictionary of the Gambia''. Scarecrow Press. p. xx. {{ISBN|0810862603}}.</ref> The Gambia was made a part of the [[British Empire]] when the government formally assumed control, establishing the [[Gambia Colony and Protectorate|Province of Senegambia]]. In 1965, The Gambia gained independence under the leadership of [[Dawda Jawara]], who ruled until [[Yahya Jammeh]] seized power in a [[1994 Gambian coup d'état|bloodless 1994 coup]]. [[Adama Barrow]] became The Gambia's third president in January 2017, after defeating Jammeh in [[Gambian presidential election, 2016|December 2016 elections]].<ref name=Wiseman>Wiseman, John A. (2004) [https://books.google.com/books?id=jj4J-AXGDaQC&lpg=PA456 Africa South of the Sahara 2004 (33rd edition): The Gambia: Recent History], Europa Publications Ltd. p. 456.</ref> Jammeh initially accepted the results, then refused to accept them, which triggered a [[2016–2017 Gambian constitutional crisis|constitutional crisis]] and [[ECOWAS military intervention in the Gambia|military intervention]] by the [[Economic Community of West African States]], resulting in his exile.<ref>{{Cite news|url=https://www.theguardian.com/world/2017/jan/21/anxious-gambians-await-former-president-yahya-jammeh-departure|title=Yahya Jammeh leaves the Gambia after 22 years of rule|last=Maclean|first=Ruth|date=21 January 2017|work=The Guardian|access-date=17 May 2017|language=en-GB|issn=0261-3077}}</ref><ref name="Agrees">{{Cite web|url=http://www.aljazeera.com/news/2017/01/gambia-yahya-jammeh-agrees-step-170120184330091.html|title=Gambia's Yayah Jammeh confirms he will step down|last=|first=|date=20 January 2017|website=Al Jazeera|publisher=|access-date=21 January 2017}}</ref><ref>{{cite news
| last =Ramsay
| first =Stuart
| coauthors =
| title =Former Gambia leader Yahya Jammeh flies into political exile
| work =
| pages =
| language =English
| publisher =Sky News
| date =22 January 2017
| url =https://uk.news.yahoo.com/former-gambia-leader-yahya-jammeh-preparing-leave-country-205300165.html
| accessdate =23 January 2017 }}</ref>
 
The Gambia's economy is dominated by farming, fishing and, especially, tourism. In 2015, 48.6% of the population lived in poverty.<ref name="World Bank Overview">{{cite web|url=http://www.worldbank.org/en/country/gambia/overview|title=The Gambia overview|publisher=World Bank|accessdate=5 July 2018}}</ref> In rural areas poverty is even more widespread with a higher proportion of the population being poor (almost 70%).<ref name="World Bank Overview"/>
 
 
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