(వికీపీడియా:Twinkle/doc నుండి దారిమార్పు చెందింది)

Once Twinkle is installed, you will be presented with a number of additional tabs or links, depending on the page you are on.

Installing Twinkle is easy. Refer to the "quick info" section of the script's page for easy-to-follow instructions. Before you start using Twinkle, you really should read this page to familiarize yourself with some of the possibilities and functions of Twinkle. There are multitudes of options that you can configure to change some of the default behaviours of Twinkle.

Note: Never forget that you take full responsibility for any action performed using Twinkle. You must understand Wikipedia policies and use this tool within these policies, or risk being blocked.

Twinkle practice / sandbox


Several practice sandboxes exist that can be used to test the behavior of Twinkle.

Note: Please don't use these pages to test speedy deletion, nominate for deletion, or request page protection, as these will place notifications on actual Wikipedia admin boards. Also, please don't unlink backlinks in the sandboxes, as this will remove links to the sandboxes.

Troubleshooting installation


Twinkle installation may fail completely for several reasons:

  • You must be registered, and your account must be autoconfirmed (it must be at least four days old and have at least ten edits), to use Twinkle.
  • You must use a supported web browser. Twinkle does not work with Internet Explorer version 8 or older; hence, it will not work on Internet Explorer on Windows XP, and you may need to upgrade to Internet Explorer 9 if you use Windows Vista or Windows 7.
  • If you are using older versions of Opera, Safari, or Firefox, try enabling the JavaScript Standard Library gadget under your preferences → Gadgets → Library and compatibility gadgets.
  • After installation, you may have to clear your browser cache. Instructions on how to do this can be found at Wikipedia:Bypass your cache.
  • In case of manual installation, Twinkle must be installed in your skin's .js file (not .css).
  • If you have switched skins and are not using the Gadget version of Twinkle, make sure that your current skin's script file is actually importing Twinkle.

If you have tried all of the above suggestions and you still cannot use Twinkle, or if you notice other problems, check the discussion page and, if needed, post the issue there. If you do, please include the following information:

  1. What is the behaviour you're seeing?
  2. What is the behaviour you're expecting to see?
  3. How can the incorrect behaviour be reproduced? Describe exactly what you're doing and seeing.
  4. Confirm that you have tried bypassing your browser cache.
  5. Make note of your browser, browser version, operating system, and operating system version.
  6. Append relevant JavaScript errors your browser logged. To do that, open your JavaScript console or error console, and copy the relevant error messages. Where you find your javascript console depends on your browser:
    • Internet Explorer: Press F12; refresh the Wikipedia page; JavaScript errors appear on the "Console" tab of the F12 tools.
    • Firefox: Menu → Tools → Error console (or Firefox Button → Web Developer → Error Console). You should click the "Errors" button at the top to hide the vast number of ignorable warnings, etc.
    • Opera: Menu → Page → Developer Tools → Error Console.
    • Chrome: Page menu → Developer → JavaScript Console (Ctrl+Shift+J).
    • Safari: Page menu → Develop → Show Error Console (Ctrl+Alt+C or Shift+Command+J). You might have to enable it first in Preferences → Advanced.

You are strongly urged to have a look at http://www.chiark.greenend.org.uk/~sgtatham/bugs.html for hints on how to report bugs effectively, to make sure the issue you are describing can be resolved as promptly as possible.

Installing individual Twinkle modules


Previously, it was possible to install Twinkle modules individually. This method of installation no longer applies. The recommended ways to install Twinkle are described at Wikipedia:Twinkle#Installation.

Twinkle is made up of many "modules", each providing a quicker way of carrying out a certain maintenance task. Most modules can be accessed through the tabs along the top of each page (in the Monobook skin), or under the "TW" drop-down menu next to the search box (in the Vector skin).

CSD (speedy deletion)

Speedy deletion dialog

CSD stands for Criteria for Speedy Deletion. If you believe an article meets one of the criteria for speedy deletion, you can use this Twinkle module to quickly tag it for deletion.

Using this module


Click on the CSD tab. You will be presented with a list of reasons, which differ depending on which namespace the page you are viewing is in. Previously, when you selected one of the items, Twinkle began acting right away; now you must press submit to start the process. This can be changed in Twinkle preferences. You may be prompted for extra information (such as a rationale, URL of copyvio, etc.), and then the page will be tagged with the appropriate template (for instance, clicking "G5: Banned user" tags the page with {{db-banned}}).

  • If you have the Notify if possible box checked, and your Twinkle preferences are set appropriately, the user who created the page will be notified using a boilerplate warning template, as requested by speedy deletion policy. If the creator's talk page does not exist, they will also be welcomed, using the {{firstarticle}} template. Normally, there is no reason to un-check the "notify" box; however, consider that the notification may not always be appropriate (see WP:DTTR), so use it with care.
  • The Tag with multiple criteria option at the top of the window opens a series of further windows, where you will be able to choose several criteria to be included in the {{db-multiple}} template. The list of criteria is somewhat smaller than that for non-multiple CSD – each code appears only once, due to the way {{db-multiple}} is implemented. Once you have chosen all the criteria that apply, click the "No more criteria apply - finish tagging" button at the top. No more than ten criteria may be selected for multiple tagging, but it is rare to apply more than two at a time.
  • In your Twinkle preferences, you can turn on the CSD userspace log. This feature keeps a log in your userspace of all pages you nominate for CSD. Because pages that are deleted do not appear in your contributions, using this feature is the only way that non-admins can track their deletion taggings and evaluate how many were deleted. It is also useful for tracking declined speedy deletions (by the presence of blue links in the log, as opposed to red links) and learning from them, hence helping you to improve your tagging habits.
  • Nominating a page for CSD will add the page to your watchlist by default, for most criteria. You can disable this, or choose a different set of criteria, in your Twinkle preferences. Additionally, when using CSD on a page reached from Special:NewPages, Twinkle will automatically mark the page as patrolled. Again, you can disable this using preferences.
  • Twinkle CSD offers a quick easy way to tag pages for speedy deletion. However, always keep in mind that you are responsible for all actions taken using Twinkle, so always think twice before tagging a borderline case with a CSD tag. Also, remember not to bite the newbies.
  • Twinkle does not notify page creators when tagging with certain criteria (including G6 and G8). This is to prevent notifications in cases where they are not really needed, or where they will possibly be counterproductive (such as for CSD G5 - banned user). You can enable notifications for these criteria in your Twinkle preferences, if you especially want them: but note that warning templates for some criteria do not actually exist.

Extra functionality for administrators


Admins can delete pages using Twinkle (and optionally the associated talk page and/or all redirects). The deletion reason can be changed before deletion takes place.

RPP/PP (page protection)

Protection request dialog

Request for Page Protection - Sends a request for protection to the page of the same name. Used for heavily vandalized articles or for articles that are current and are likely to have high traffic due to real-life events.

PROD (తొలగింపు ప్రతిపాదన)

తొలగింపు ప్రతిపాదన డయలాగ్ పెట్టె

PROD అంటే ప్రొపోస్‌డ్ డిలీషన్‌కు పొట్టి రూపం. వివాదస్పదం కావూని భావించే తొలగింపులను దీని ద్వారా ప్రతిపాదించాలి. వీటికి వారం లోపు అభ్యంతరాలేమీ రాకపోతే ఈ పేజీలను తొలగించవచ్చు.

ఇలాంటిదే, జీవిస్తున్న వ్యక్తుల జీవిత చరిత్ర పేజీల తొలగింపు ప్రతిపాదన ఉంది. అసలు మూలాలే లేని, జీవిస్తున్న వ్యక్తుల జీవిత చరిత్ర వ్యాసాల కోసం దీన్ని వాడాలి. పది రోజుల లోగా కనీసం ఒక్క మూలాన్నైనా చేర్చకపోతే, ఆ వ్యాసం తొలగించబడుతుంది.

ఈ PROD ట్యాబు ప్రధానబరి వ్యాసాల పేజీల్లోనే కనిపిస్తుంది. వాటికి మాత్రమే PROD నిబంధనలు వర్తిస్తాయి.

Using this module


Click on the PROD tab on the article page. You will be prompted to choose a PROD type (regular PROD or BLP PROD - see above). If you select regular PROD, you will need to enter a reason explaining why the article may be eligible for deletion. BLP PROD nominations do not require a reason.

  • If you have the Notify if possible box checked, the user who created the page will be notified by substituting the {{prodwarning}} template on their talk page. (For BLP PROD, it is not possible to turn off the notification, and the {{prodwarningBLP}} template is used instead.) Please note that, at present, Twinkle does not give the creator a welcome message, even if their talk page does not exist.
  • When you tag an article that already contains a PROD tag, Twinkle will ask whether you would like to endorse the existing PROD, using the {{prod-2}} template. If an article contains a regular PROD tag, and you choose to apply a BLP PROD tag in Twinkle, the {{prod-2}} tag is applied with the reason "unsourced BLP".
  • In your Twinkle preferences, you can turn on the PROD userspace log. This feature keeps a log in your userspace of all pages you tag for PROD and BLP PROD. Because pages that are deleted do not appear in your contributions, using this feature is the only way that non-admins can track their PROD taggings and evaluate how many are deleted or declined.
  • By default, tagging for PROD or BLP PROD will add the page to your watchlist. You can disable this in your Twinkle preferences.

Proposed deletion tags are only for uncontroversial deletions. If the deletion may be controversial, consider using Twinkle's XfD module instead. On the other hand, if the page falls under one of the speedy deletion criteria, you should instead use the CSD module, to ensure more rapid page deletion.

Extra functionality for administrators


Administrators have additional access to Twinkle's de-PROD tool, which automatically clears a PROD category. As with all of Twinkle's batch deletion tools, it is rather flaky, and may require several runs to completely clear the category.

XfD (deletion discussions)


XfD, short for Anything for Deletion, is a collective term for the venues where the deletion of pages on Wikipedia is discussed. You can use Twinkle to quickly start a deletion discussion for any page. You can additionally use it to request speedy renaming of categories through the speedy CFD process.

See WP:XFD#VENUE for help on choosing an appropriate discussion venue.

Upon running the XfD tool, several things happen: the page is tagged with a deletion notice; the deletion discussion is created (this involves creating a new page for AfD and MfD); the discussion page is transcluded onto the daily list (for AfD and MfD only); the page creator is notified (if you requested it); and (optionally for MfD) the owner of the userspace is notified.

Using this module


Click on the XfD tab. In the window that appears, you can choose the deletion discussion forum that is appropriate for the page. Normally Twinkle's initial choice is fine, but sometimes it gets it wrong (especially for userboxes in the Template: namespace, which need to be sent to MfD).

When you choose (or Twinkle chooses for you) a discussion venue, you will be presented with additional options specific to that venue, as follows:

  • AfD:
    • Wrap deletion tag with <noinclude>: This is a rarely-used option that is only needed for articles that are transcluded.
    • Deletion discussion category: Due to the large volume of deletion discussions at AfD, a sorting system is in place, so users can track deletion discussions that are relevant to their interests and editing. Choose the most appropriate category; if you're totally unsure, choose "indiscernible or unclassifiable topic".
  • TfD:
    • Wrap deletion tag with <noinclude>: This option should be selected for templates that are substituted, so that the deletion tag doesn't get substituted onto other pages.
    • Inline deletion tag: This option should be selected for templates that appear in line with text: templates such as the infamous {{fact}},[ఆధారం చూపాలి] and other referencing-related templates. If you do not select this option, a line break and wide deletion notice will appear above every instance of the template (as is intended for non-inline templates, like navboxes and cleanup tags).
  • FfD:
    • Possibly unfree file: Choose this to send the file to PUF for discussion instead of FFD.
  • CfD
    • Type of action wanted: You can specify whether the category should be deleted, renamed, merged, or converted into a list in article space. The three last options prompt for a Target page in the box beneath - this is the category to merge with, the name to which the category should be renamed, or the article to which the category should be converted.
  • CfD/S
    • C2 sub-criterion: See WP:C2 to choose an appropriate sub-criterion.
    • New name: The title to which the category should be renamed.
  • MfD
    • Wrap deletion tag with <noinclude>: Use this option for userboxes, and other items that are transcluded (like some project pages, and pieces of portals).
    • Also notify owner of userspace if they are not the page creator (User: and User talk: namespaces only): If the page you are nominating was not created by the same user who has it in their userspace (for example, rescued articles), the owner of the userspace will be notified about the deletion. (It is usually best to leave this option on, except when in the userspace of problem users.)
  • RfD has no extra options.

There is one option that applies to all deletion venues:

  • The Notify if possible box, when checked, will cause Twinkle to give the user who created the page an appropriate notification using a boilerplate warning template. This is usually a good idea, but not always necessary, particularly in the case of malfeasant editors. For MfD, the owner of the userspace can also be notified: see above under MfD.

Of course, you must specify a reason why the page should be deleted. You can use full wiki formatting in your reason.

XfD-related pages can be added to your watchlist if you choose this option in your Twinkle preferences. By default, no pages are added to your watchlist when using Twinkle's XfD module. More information is available at the preferences panel.

No userspace log function exists for XfD, as records of all deletion discussions are kept in project space.

Sometimes, during XfD processing, Twinkle may stall, particularly while adding the discussion to the daily list. The reason for this is unknown; it is believed to be a server issue. If Twinkle stalls while nominating for XfD, be patient. You may need to wait more than 20 seconds in some cases.

Extra tools for administrators


Twinkle does not include a tool to help admins close AFD debates; if you are looking for one, you might like User:Mr.Z-man/closeAFD.

This option shows you a diff between the current revision of a page and the previous one.

An example of the unlink feature. The URL in the edit summary would normally be where the reasoning for unlinking appears.

This option unlinks backlinks. Backlinks are links from other pages to a given page. Unlinking them delinks the terms linking to that given page. This is often necessary after speedy deletion to prevent a page on a non-notable, vandalism, or other problematic topic from being recreated. It prevents a bunch of redlinks from showing up all over the place when you delete an article. Depending on the article being deleted, you may or may not want to unlink backlinks.

Twinkle's tag functionality.

The tag tab will tag the article or redirect with the template(s) of your choice.

All templates that are checked will be added to the article in their proper respective locations. Templates that support it will automatically be added with the date parameter populated to the current month and year. If the "Group into {{Multiple issues}} if possible" checkbox is ticked, Twinkle will group supported templates inside an {{Multiple issues}} template, if there are four or more. All other selected templates are then added to the article normally. If there are three or fewer selected templates that are supported by the {{Multiple issues}} template, the setting is ignored, and all templates are added to the article normally.

Two templates in the list, {{globalize}} and {{notability}}, allow you to select from a list of subcategories of the respective templates. The standard template is the default, and selecting a subcategory is not required, but it does place a more specific version of the template on the article.

If you are viewing a redirect page (in any namespace), the tab will present you with a set of redirect categorization tags, from Category:Redirect templates.

DI (delayed speedy deletion for files)

Pseudo-speedy file deletion dialog

Deletable Image - This part of Twinkle tags files without fair use rationales, sources, or copyright information.

ARV stands for Advance Reporting and Vetting (a backronym). When on any user namespace page, or on Special:Contributions/USER, click this button to report them to administrators for several possible infractions:

  • Vandalism - Reports the user to Administrator intervention against vandalism; use this when the user has vandalized after a final warning has been issued. If you have just reverted the user's vandalism and the user talk page has opened, the fields about the vandalized article (title, revision IDs) should be automatically filled in. Check the appropriate boxes that apply to the user.
    • Vandalism after final warning given - should be checked for most reports
    • Vandalism after recent release of block
    • Evidently vandalism-only account - for username accounts only, with no constructive edits
    • Account is evidently a spambot or a compromised account
    • Account is a promotion only account
  • Username - Reports the user to Usernames for administrator attention. Check the policies at Wikipedia:Username policy to ensure that one of the 4 general reasons applies before ticking off the subexamples.
  • Sockpuppet - Use this to report that a case of suspected sockpuppetry, including the suspected puppeteer and relevant evidence. It will create a new page at Sockpuppet investigations.

Warn (user talk warnings)

Warning dialog

On user talk pages, the warn tab allows you to leave one of a variety of warning messages on a user's talk page. To use, first click the warn tab. A window will appear with the following options:

  • Two drop-down menus with the warning level and warning type (see list of warnings)
  • The article name to reference for the warning (this is often automatically populated if you are warning on a user talk page that was opened as the result of a Twinkle rollback)
  • Any additional comments that you wish to be included in the warning message.

Clicking Submit will post the chosen warning to the user's talk page and then refresh the page in your browser.

The tb tab will allow you to easily leave a variety of user notification templates on other users' talk pages. It supports most of the options that you would have available as if you were leaving the template by hand.

The following templates are supported:

More may be added in the future.

Twinkle's welcome functionality.

The wel tab will welcome the user with a selected template.

If an article is specified in the input field, and the template supports an article link, Twinkle will automatically link the template to the article you specified. All templates that support this are marked with an asterisk ("*"). In the case of normal welcome templates, the article would be one that the user contributed positively to. In the case of problem user welcome templates, the article would be one that the user vandalized or did not contribute positively to. This input field is automatically populated if the vanarticle URL parameter is found, which is populated by Twinkle after doing a rollback.

Twinkle is capable of supporting a custom list of templates that displays below the standard set of Welcome templates. If you have installed Twinkle, you can add a list of templates that you would like to be added to the Welcome dialogue by changing the "Custom welcome templates to use" option in your Twinkle preferences. Any templates added to this list, when selected, will simply be placed on the user's talk page with no heading, no arguments, and will be followed by your signature.

Shared IP tagging


The shared IP tab will tag the IP as a shared IP address.

Most of the Shared IP templates require that the name of the organization that owns or operates the IP address be entered. If one of these templates is selected, Twinkle will require that you fill in the "Organization name" input field, which supports wikitext.

Revert and rollback

Twinkle's rollback functionality on a diff page.

When viewing a diff between revisions of a page, Twinkle will place four new links above the previous revision and the new revision:

  1. restore this version - Reverts all edits to that version (allows edit summary).
  2. rollback (AGF) - Labels the original edit as AGF in edit summary (allows edit summary). (preview)
  3. rollback - Performs rollback, then asks for input for edit summary.
  4. rollback (VANDAL) - Labels rollback as vandalism in edit summary, and opens vandal's talk page (does NOT allow edit summary).

Note that the 3 rollback links will only show up on the current revision. If you are viewing a diff between 2 old revisions of a page, only the "restore this version" links will show.

Twinkle's welcome option displayed in diff.

A welcome link will also appear next to a user in a diff view if the user's talk page is empty. Depending on your preferences, this link will automatically welcome the user with the template specified in the "Template to use when welcoming automatically" preference, or open the user's talk page with Twinkle's welcome dialogue already visible (by default). This feature is available when viewing any diff across all namespaces.

Modules for administrators


As well as having access to more features in some of the main modules, administrators also have some modules to themselves:

Admin image batch deletion dialog
Batch image deletion
This module allows one to delete several images found on a page, or in a category, and unlink them from pages. As this module is fully automatic, it's important to take great care to know what it will do. It might not be the best solution in some circumstances. You should be quite careful with this script, as it has the potential to cause massive damage if used improperly.
Batch deletion
Similar to batch image deletion, but for normal pages instead. There are two modules because the processes are not identical. This one is good for closing huge mass AfDs or TfDs.
Batch undeletion
Similar to batch deletion, but undeletes instead. Only works on user subpages, so you have to create a list of pages (or transclude one) in your userspace.
Batch protection
Similar to batch deletion, but protects the pages instead. It's used often as an emergency option against heavy multiple-page vandalism.
It wades through a category of images, and for each image it displays it, the page, the history, the file history, the file usage, and allows you to delete it.
See the PROD section above.

The easiest way to configure Twinkle is by using the preferences panel, located at Wikipedia:Twinkle/Preferences. There is a wide variety of options available.

Technical details


The Twinkle preferences panel works by saving a JSON object to Special:MyPage/twinkleoptions.js, which is then read by Twinkle every time you load a page. (That might sound like a performance hit, but your browser will normally cache your personal options page, so it doesn't have to be downloaded every time.)

If the preferences panel goes wrong, or you want to set up some of the advanced preferences described below, you can manually edit Special:MyPage/twinkleoptions.js. Its format is as follows (non-JavaScript-savvy users beware):

window.Twinkle.prefs = {
  "twinkle": {
    // Place all preferences here, except for Shared IP, Tag, Welcome, and Talkback preferences
    // For example:
    revertMaxRevisions: 13,
    summaryAd: " BTW, I use [[WT:TW|Twinkle]].",
    proddeleteChunks: 20
  "friendly": {
    // Place preferences for Shared IP, Tag, Welcome, and Talkback in here
    // For example:
    watchTaggedPages: true,
    talkbackHeading: "Talkback just for you..."

Advanced parameters


These parameters are handy to tweak if your browser or network connection is struggling to perform operations without encountering database locks or network timeouts. They are not shown in the preferences panel, and must be modified by manually editing Special:MyPage/twinkleoptions.js.

Regular users can take advantage of the following parameter:

Defines the maximum number of revisions to query when looking for a clean revision to roll back to. The server limit is 50. Default is 50.

Administrators can use other parameters to fine-tune batch operations, etc.

Defines how many pages should be processed at a time when performing batch deletions. The server limit is 50. It is recommended that you not change this configuration parameter. Default is 50.
Defines how many current pages should be left in the process of being deleted before a new batch is allowed to be initialized. It is recommended that you not change this configuration parameter. Default is 5.
Defines how many pages should be processed at most by any batch function. It is recommended that you not change this configuration parameter. Default is 5000.
Defines how many pages should be processed at a time when performing batch protections. The server limit is 50. It is recommended that you not change this configuration parameter. Default is 50.
Defines how many current pages should be left in the process of being protected before a new batch is allowed to be initialized. It is recommended that you not change this configuration parameter. Default is 5.
Defines how many pages should be processed at a time when performing batch undeletions. The server limit is 50. It is recommended that you not change this configuration parameter. Default is 50.
Defines how many current pages should be left in the process of being undeleted before a new batch is allowed to be initialized. It is recommended that you not change this configuration parameter. Default is 5.
Defines the number of images that will be processed at a time when doing a batch deletion. It is recommended that you not change this configuration parameter. Default is 500.
Defines the maximum number of images that will be processed when doing a batch deletion. It is recommended that you not change this configuration parameter. Default is 5000.
Defines how many pages should be processed at a time when performing batch prod deletions. The server limit is 50. It is recommended that you not change this configuration parameter. Default is 50.

Location of Twinkle menu items


The default location of the Twinkle menu items in the Vector skin is in a drop-down menu; in all other skins they are displayed on the top row of tabs. If you like, you can change the location and layout of those items on your page by manually setting some options in your twinkleoptions.js:


For example, if you want to move the items to the toolbox menu on the left-hand side of the screen, add the line "portletId": "p-tb", to your Twinkle preferences, like so:

window.Twinkle.prefs = {
  "twinkle": {
    // ...
    "portletId": "p-tb",
    // ...
  // ...

If you want to display the items as tabs as in the old monobook skin, add the line "portletId": "p-views", to your Twinkle preferences, like so:

window.Twinkle.prefs = {
  "twinkle": {
    // ...
    "portletId": "p-views",
    // ...
  // ...

portletId is the ID of the portlet you'd like the menus to appear in. In these case, 'p-tb' indicates the toolbar, while 'p-views' indicates the menu bar. For a full list see the catalogue of CSS classes).

Alternatively, you can create a new menu just for the Twinkle items. In that case, add

window.Twinkle.prefs = {
  "twinkle": {
    // ...
    "portletArea": "column-one",
    "portletId"  : "p-twinkle",
    "portletName": "Twinkle",
    "portletNext": "p-search",
    // ...
  // ...

The portletId parameter now refers to the specific Twinkle tool set, 'p-twinkle'. portletArea indicates where the menu should appear (the value 'column-one' is the sidebar for Monobook; for Vector it is 'panel' and for Modern it is 'mw_portlets'; Other options include 'left-navigation' and 'right-navigation' in Vector and 'mw_contentwrapper' in Modern, which will appear on a new level above the other tabs). Change portletNext to dictate which ID the new Twinkle menu should precede; in this case 'p-search' means it will come before the search box. Change the portletName parameter to change the name displayed named along with the new menu, if applicable - in this case, "Twinkle".

Ask for support at the Twinkle talk page if you're unsure what to change.