"తూర్పు రైల్వే" కూర్పుల మధ్య తేడాలు

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== చరిత్ర ==
ఈస్ట్ ఇండియన్ రైల్వే (ఈఐఆర్) కంపెనీ ద్వారా ఢిల్లీకి తూర్పు భారతదేశం నకు 1845 సం.లో అనుసంధానం ఏర్పడింది. మొదటి రైలు ఆగస్టు 15, 1854 సం.న హౌరా మరియు హుగ్లీ మధ్య నడిచింది. రైలు 08:30 గంటలకు హౌరా స్టేషన్ వదిలి మరియు 91 నిమిషాల హుగ్లీ చేరుకుంది. ఈస్ట్ ఇండియన్ రైల్వే నిర్వహణ జనవరి 1, 1925 న బ్రిటిష్ ప్రభుత్వం స్వాధీనం చేసుకుంది. <ref>Rao, M.A. (1988). ''Indian Railways'', New Delhi: National Book Trust, pp.13,34</ref>
 
The [[East Indian Railway]] (EIR) Company was incorporated in 1845 to connect [[East India]] with [[Delhi]]. The first train ran here between [[Howrah Station|Howrah]] and [[Hugli-Chinsura|Hooghly]] on 15 August 1854. The train left Howrah Station at 08:30 a.m. and reached Hooghly in 91 minutes. The management of the East Indian Railway was taken over by the British Indian government on 1 January 1925.<ref>Rao, M.A. (1988). ''Indian Railways'', New Delhi: National Book Trust, pp.13,34</ref>
 
The Eastern Railway was formed on 14 April 1952 by amalgamating three lower divisions of the East Indian Railway: Howrah, Asansol and Danapur, the entire [[Bengal Nagpur Railway]] (BNR) and the Sealdah division of the erstwhile [[Bengal Assam Railway]]<ref>{{cite web |url=http://www.easternrailwaysealdah.gov.in/WebForm/FrameContent/Engineering.html|title=Sealdah division-Engineering details|publisher=The Eastern Railway, Sealdah division}}</ref> (which was already added to the East Indian Railway on 15 August 1947). On 1 August 1955, the portions of BNR stretching from Howrah to Visakhapatnam in the South, Howrah to Nagpur in the Central area and up to Katni in the North Central Region were separated from Eastern Railway and became the [[South Eastern Railway Zone, India|South Eastern Railway]].<ref>Rao, M.A. (1988). ''Indian Railways'', New Delhi: National Book Trust, pp.42–3</ref><ref name=er>{{cite web |url=https://www.easternrailway.gov.in/erweb_new/about_us/aboutus.asp|title=The Eastern Railway-About us|publisher=The Eastern Railway}}</ref> Three more divisions: Dhanbad, Mughalsarai and Malda were formed later.<ref>{{cite web|url=http://pib.nic.in/focus/fojul99/fo2407991.html|title=Focus-Eastern Railway|publisher=Press Information Bureau, Government of India}}</ref> Till 30 September 2002 ER consisted seven divisions.
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