"తైవాన్" కూర్పుల మధ్య తేడాలు

10,109 bytes added ,  1 సంవత్సరం క్రితం
Added infobox
చి (భాషాదోషాల సవరణ, typos fixed: సంస్కృతిక → సాంస్కృతిక (2), భీమా → బీమా (4) using AWB)
(Added infobox)
{{Infobox country
| conventional_long_name = రిపబ్లిక్ ఆఫ్ చైనా
| common_name = Taiwan
| native_name = {{ubl|{{native name|zh-tw|<big>中華民國</big>|italics=off}}<br />''Zhōnghuá Mínguó'' {{small|([[Standard Mandarin|Mandarin]])}}<!---Do not change to "Jhonghuá Mínguó" (i.e. Tongyong Pinyin); Hanyu Pinyin has been the official romanization since 1 January 2009.---><br />''Tiong-hôa Bîn-kok'' {{small|([[Hokkien]])}}<br />''Chûng-fà Mìn-koet'' {{small|([[Taiwanese Hakka|Hakka]])}}<br />''Dṳ̆ng-huà Mìng-guók'' {{small|([[Fuzhou dialect|Fuzhounese]])}}}}
| image_flag = Flag of the Republic of China.svg
| alt_flag = A red flag, with a small blue rectangle in the top left hand corner on which sits a white sun composed of a circle surrounded by 12 rays.
| image_coat = National Emblem of the Republic of China.svg
| alt_coat = A blue circular emblem on which sits a white sun composed of a circle surrounded by 12 rays.
| symbol_type = National Emblem
| national_anthem = {{vunblist|"[[National Anthem of the Republic of China]]"<br />{{lang|zh-hant|中華民國國歌}} <br />''Zhōnghuá Mínguó Guógē''}} <div style="display:inline-block;margin-top:0.4em;">{{center|[[File:National anthem of the Republic of China (Taiwan) 中華民國國歌(演奏版).ogg]]}}</div>
| flag_anthem = {{vunblist|"[[National Flag Anthem of the Republic of China]]" <br />{{lang|zh-hant|中華民國國旗歌}}<br />''Zhōnghuá Míngúo Gúoqígē''}}
<div style="display:inline-block;margin-top:0.4em;">{{center|[[File:中華民國國旗歌 (演奏版).ogg]]}}</div>
| image_map = Locator map of the ROC Taiwan.svg
| alt_map = a map of East Asia, with a world map insert, with the island of Taiwan shaded and the other islands circled
| map_caption = [[Free area of the Republic of China|Territory controlled by the Republic of China]]: [[Geography of Taiwan|Taiwan Island]], [[Penghu]], [[Kinmen]], [[Matsu Islands]], [[Pratas Islands|Dongsha Islands]] and [[Taiping Island]]
| capital = [[Taipei]]<ref name="capital">{{cite news |title=Interior minister reaffirms Taipei is ROC's capital |date=5 December 2013 |url=http://www.taipeitimes.com/News/taiwan/archives/2013/12/05/2003578356 |newspaper=Taipei Times |accessdate=7 December 2013}}</ref>
| coordinates = {{coord|25|02|N|121|38|E|display=it}}
| largest_city = [[New Taipei City|New Taipei]]
| official_languages = [[Taiwanese Mandarin]]<ref>{{cite news|last1=Shih|first1=Hsiu-chuan|title=Taiwan mulling English as an official language, but is it ready?|url=http://focustaiwan.tw/news/afav/201801270011.aspx|accessdate=27 January 2018|agency=Central News Agency|date=27 January 2018}}</ref><ref>{{cite web | url=https://www.theworldofchinese.com/2014/05/taiwanese-mandarin-starter-kit/ | title=The wild and wacky world of Taiwanese Mandarin | publisher=The World of Chinese | date=May 29, 2014 | accessdate=December 3, 2018}}</ref>
| national_languages = {{vunblist|[[Formosan languages]]<ref>{{cite web|url=http://focustaiwan.tw/news/aipl/201707190019.aspx |title=President lauds efforts in transitional justice for indigenous people |publisher=Focus Taiwan |accessdate=19 July 2017}}</ref> <br />[[Taiwanese Hakka|Hakka]]<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.taipeitimes.com/News/taiwan/archives/2017/12/30/2003684894 |title= Hakka made an official language |newspaper=Taipei Times |accessdate=29 December 2017}}</ref>}}
| regional_languages = {{vunblist|[[Matsu dialect]] <br />[[Taiwanese Hokkien]]}}
| languages_type = [[Official script]]s
| languages = {{vunblist|[[Traditional Chinese]] <br />[[Formosan languages|Formosan Latin alphabet]]<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.taipeitimes.com/News/taiwan/archives/2017/07/20/2003674932 |title=Official documents issued in Aboriginal languages |publisher=Taipei Times |accessdate=20 July 2017}}</ref>}}
| ethnic_groups = {{nowrap|95% [[Han Taiwanese|Han]]{{sfnp|Exec. Yuan|2014|p=36}}}}<br />{{nowrap|&nbsp;'''∟''' 70% [[Hoklo Taiwanese|Hoklo]]}}<br />{{nowrap|&nbsp;'''∟''' 14% [[Hakka people|Hakka]]}}<br />{{nowrap|{{raise|0.1em|&nbsp;'''∟''' 14% [[Waishengren|Waisheng]]{{efn|name=waishengren| This does not include citizens of the People's Republic of China who more recently moved to Taiwan. Some Waishengren are also Hakka or Hokkien, and small minority are not Han but Manchu, Mongol etc.}}}}}}<br />{{nowrap|3.1% [[:zh:臺灣新住民|New immigrants]]}}<br />{{nowrap|2.4% [[Taiwanese aborigines|Aborigines]]{{efn|Taiwanese aborigines are officially categorised into [[List of ethnic groups in Taiwan|16 separate ethnic groups]] by the Republic of China. {{harvp|Exec. Yuan|2014|p=49}} }}}}
| demonym = [[Taiwanese people|Taiwanese]]<ref name="cia-factbook" />
| government_type = [[Unitary state|Unitary]] [[Semi-presidential system|semi-presidential]] [[republic]]
| leader_title1 = [[President of the Republic of China|President]]
| leader_name1 = [[Tsai Ing-wen]]
| leader_title2 = [[Vice President of the Republic of China|Vice-President]]
| leader_name2 = [[Chen Chien-jen]]
| leader_title3 = [[Premier of the Republic of China|Premier]]
| leader_name3 = [[William Lai]]
| leader_title4 = [[List of vice premiers of the Republic of China|Vice Premier]]
| leader_name4 = [[Shih Jun-ji]]
| leader_title5 = [[President of the Legislative Yuan|Speaker]]
| leader_name5 = [[Su Jia-chyuan]]
| leader_title6 = [[Vice President of the Legislative Yuan|Deputy Speaker]]
| leader_name6 = [[Tsai Chi-chang]]
| legislature = [[Legislative Yuan]]
| sovereignty_type = [[History of the Republic of China|Formation]]
| sovereignty_note =
| established_event1 = [[Xinhai Revolution]]
| established_date1 = 10 October 1911
| established_event2 = [[Republic of China (1912–49)|Republic proclaimed]]
| established_date2 = 1 January 1912
| established_event3 = [[Retrocession Day|Taiwan transferred]]
| established_date3 = 25 October 1945
| established_event4 = [[Constitution of the Republic of China|Current constitution]]
| established_date4 = 25 December 1947
| established_event5 = [[Chinese Communist Revolution|Government moved to Taipei]]
| established_date5 = 7 December 1949
| area_km2 = 36,197<ref name="taiwan-popstat" />
| area_rank = <!-- Area rank should match [[List of countries and dependencies by area]];should not be any here -->
| population_estimate = 23,577,271<ref name="Natl Statistics">{{cite web |title=Statistics from Statistical Bureau|url=http://eng.stat.gov.tw/point.asp?index=9|access-date=22 September 2018 |website=National Statistics, Republic of China (Taiwan)}}</ref>
| population_census = 23,123,866<ref>{{cite web|title=General Statistical analysis report, Population and Housing Census|url=http://eng.stat.gov.tw/public/Data/5428162113SIDMH93P.pdf|website=National Statistics, ROC (Taiwan)|accessdate=26 November 2016|deadurl=yes|archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20161226090918/http://eng.stat.gov.tw/public/Data/5428162113SIDMH93P.pdf|archivedate=26 December 2016}}</ref>
| population_estimate_year = 2018
| population_estimate_rank = 53rd
| population_census_year = 2010
| population_census_rank = 53rd
| population_density_km2 = 650
| population_density_rank = 17th
| GDP_PPP = $1.250 trillion<ref name=imf2>{{cite web |url=https://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/weo/2018/02/weodata/weorept.aspx?sy=2018&ey=2023&scsm=1&ssd=1&sort=country&ds=.&br=1&pr1.x=37&pr1.y=7&c=528&s=NGDPD%2CPPPGDP%2CNGDPDPC%2CPPPPC&grp=0&a=|title=Taiwan Province of China |publisher=International Monetary Fund |accessdate=7 May 2017}}</ref>
| GDP_PPP_year = 2018
| GDP_PPP_rank =
| GDP_PPP_per_capita = $52,960<ref name=imf2 />
| GDP_PPP_per_capita_rank =
| GDP_nominal = $603 billion<ref name=imf2 />
| GDP_nominal_year = 2018
| GDP_nominal_rank =
| GDP_nominal_per_capita = $25,534<ref name=imf2 />
| GDP_nominal_per_capita_rank =
| Gini = 33.6
| Gini_year = 2014
| Gini_change = <!--increase/decrease/steady-->
| Gini_ref = <ref>{{cite book |title=Report on The Survey of Family Income and Expenditure |url=http://eng.stat.gov.tw/ct.asp?xItem=3417&CtNode=1596&mp=5 |chapterurl=http://win.dgbas.gov.tw/fies/doc/result/99/a11/Year04.xls |chapter=Table 4. Percentage Share of Disposable Income by Quintile Group of Households and Income Inequality Indices |publisher=Directorate General of Budget, Accounting and Statistics |location=Taipei, Taiwan |year=2010}}</ref>
| Gini_rank =
| HDI = 0.907
| HDI_year = 2017
| HDI_change = increase <!--increase/decrease/steady-->
| HDI_ref = {{efn|The UN [[China and the United Nations|does not recognize]] the Republic of China (Taiwan) as a [[sovereign state]]. The HDI report does not include Taiwan as part of the People's Republic of China when calculating China's figures (see<ref>{{cite web|url=http://hdr.undp.org/en/media/HDR_2010_EN_Readers_reprint.pdf|title=- Human Development Reports|website=hdr.undp.org}}</ref>). Taiwan's government calculated its HDI to be 0.907, based on 2010 new methodology of UNDP.<ref>{{cite web|url=http://eng.stat.gov.tw/public/data/dgbas03/bs2/gender/International%20Gender/%E4%BA%BA%E9%A1%9E%E7%99%BC%E5%B1%95%E6%8C%87%E6%95%B8.xls|format=Excel |script-title=zh:2018中華民國人類發展指數(HDI)|accessdate=2018-11-12|year=2018|publisher=Directorate General of Budget, Accounting and Statistics, Executive Yuan, R.O.C.|language=zh-hant}}</ref>|group="nb"}}
| HDI_rank = 21st
| currency = [[New Taiwan dollar]] (NT$)
| currency_code = TWD
| time_zone = [[National Standard Time]]
| utc_offset = +8
| date_format = {{unbulleted list |yyyy-mm-dd |{{longitem|style=line-height:1.1em; |{{nowrap|yyyy年m月d日<br />{{small|([[Common Era|CE]]; [[Chinese calendar|CE+2697]])}}}}}} |[[Minguo calendar|民國yy年m月d日]] {{small|([[Common Era|CE]]−1911)}}}}
| drives_on = Right
| calling_code = [[Telephone numbers in Taiwan|+886]]
| cctld = {{vunblist|[[.tw]] <br />[[.台灣]] <br /> [[.台湾]]<ref>{{cite web |url=http://brussels38.icann.org/meetings/brussels2010/transcript-board-25jun10-en.txt |title=ICANN Board Meeting Minutes |publisher=ICANN |date=25 June 2010}}</ref>}}
| official_website = [http://www.taiwan.gov.tw/ taiwan.gov.tw]
}}
'''[[తైవాన్]]''' ఐక్యరాజ్యసమితి గుర్తింపు పొందని, [[చైనా]]<nowiki/>లోని అంతర్భాగముగా ప్రపంచముచే గుర్తించబడ్తున్నఫసిఫిక్ మహాసముద్రములోని ఒక దీవి. తైవాన్ చైనా నుండి స్వాతంత్ర్యము ప్రకటించుకుంది. వాస్తవ నియంత్రణాధికారము దీనిపై చైనాకు లేదు. ప్రజల భాష చైనీసు (చీనీ).
 
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