గాసిపియమ్ (లాటిన్ Gossypium) పుష్పించే మొక్కలలో మాల్వేసి కుటుంబానికి చెందిన ప్రజాతి.

గాసిపియమ్
Gossypium barbadense - Köhler–s Medizinal-Pflanzen-068.jpg
Gossypium barbadense
Scientific classification
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గాసిపియమ్

జాతులు

See text.

Flower of Upland cotton plant (Gossypium hirsutum)

జాతులుసవరించు

Commercial cotton species

Commercial cotton fibres, used to manufacture cloth, are derived from the fruit of the cotton plant. The following species are grown commercially:

Noncommercial species

Many varieties of cotton have been developed by selective breeding and hybridisation of the above species. Experiments are ongoing to cross-breed various desirable traits of wild cotton species into the principal commercial species, such as resistance to insects and disease, and drought-tolerance.

Most wild cottons are diploid, but there is a group of five species from America and Pacific islands which are tetraploid, apparently due a single hybridisation 0.5 to 2 million years ago.[2] The tetraploid species are G. hirsutum, G. tomentosum, G. mustelinum, G. barbadense, and G. darwinii.


మూలాలుసవరించు

  1. "Gossypieae L." Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. 2007-03-12. Archived from the original on 2011-07-17. Retrieved 2009-02-20. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  2. Small, R. L.; Ryburn, J. A.; Cronn, R. C.; Seelanan, T.; Wendel, J. F. (1 September 1998). "The Tortoise and the Hare: Choosing between Noncoding Plastome and Nuclear Adh Sequences for Phylogeny Reconstruction in a Recently Diverged Plant Group". American Journal of Botany. Botanical Society of America. 85 (9): 1301. doi:10.2307/2446640. ISSN 0002-9122. JSTOR 2446640.

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